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MEWAR SCHOOL OF MINIATURE PAINTING



  Apr 29, 2024

MEWAR SCHOOL OF MINIATURE PAINTING



What is the Mewar School of Miniature Painting?

The Mewar School is a tradition of miniature painting that emerged in the 17th century in the region of Mewar, in present-day Rajasthan, India. This school was patronized by the Sisodia dynasty and is known for its unique style that developed in resistance to Mughal influence, maintaining and evolving distinct Rajput painting traditions.

Who were the patrons of the Mewar School of Painting?

The Mewar school was primarily patronized by the rulers of the Sisodia dynasty, the Rajput rulers of Mewar. Notable patrons included Maharana Jagat Singh I and his successors, who commissioned numerous works of art including illustrated manuscripts and portraits.

How does the Mewar School differ from other Rajput painting schools?

Unlike other Rajput schools that often incorporated Mughal influences, the Mewar school retained a more traditional Rajput aesthetic with rigid profiles, strict two-dimensionality, and a preference for bright, bold colors. The school is known for its confident lines and the use of earthy palettes, highlighting reds and ochres.

What are some typical themes in Mewar paintings?

Mewar paintings commonly depict themes from Hindu mythology, religious texts like the Bhagavata Purana, and the Gita Govinda, as well as courtly scenes, festivals, and processions. The school also has a rich tradition of portraying the genealogies and heroic exploits of its patron dynasties.

Can you describe the stylistic features of Mewar paintings?

Mewar paintings are characterized by their vivid use of color, especially red, and a distinctive portrayal of figures in strict profile. They often include detailed depictions of landscapes and architecture, reflecting the lush plains and historical sites of Mewar. Faces are typically rendered with one visible eye, which was a common feature in Rajput painting to denote nobility and grace.

Where can one view Mewar School paintings today?

Works from the Mewar school are displayed in several museums around the world including the City Palace Museum in Udaipur, the Victoria & Albert Museum in London, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, among others. These collections showcase the breadth and depth of Mewar painting across centuries.

This traditional form of Indian art provides a window into the historical and cultural landscape of Mewar, reflecting both the artistic and political narratives of the region over centuries.



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