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Mediation Act, 2023: Key Insights



  Mar 21, 2024

Mediation Act, 2023



1. What is the Mediation Act, 2023?

The Mediation Act, 2023, is a legislative framework in India that formalizes the process of mediation as an alternative dispute resolution (ADR) method. It aims to provide a structured and effective mechanism for resolving disputes outside the traditional court system.

2. Who can initiate mediation under the Mediation Act, 2023?

Any parties involved in a dispute, including individuals, businesses, corporations, and government entities, can initiate mediation under this Act, either through court referral or by mutually agreeing to private mediation.

3. Is the mediation process confidential under the Mediation Act, 2023?

Yes, one of the key features of the mediation process under this Act is its confidentiality. This ensures that any communication, negotiation, or admission made during the mediation process cannot be used as evidence in court if the mediation does not result in a settlement.

4. What types of disputes can be resolved through mediation under this Act?

The Mediation Act, 2023, is designed to facilitate the resolution of a wide range of disputes, including but not limited to matrimonial issues, commercial disputes, employment disputes, and property disputes.

5. How long does the mediation process take under the Mediation Act, 2023?

The Act specifies that the mediation process should be completed within 120 days, with a possible extension of up to 60 days, making the total possible duration 180 days. This time frame is intended to ensure a fast and efficient resolution of disputes.

6. Can a mediation settlement be enforced like a court judgment?

Yes, under the Mediation Act, 2023, mediation settlement agreements (MSAs) can be enforced in a manner similar to court judgments, giving them legal weight and making the outcomes of mediation binding and executable.

7. Are there provisions for online mediation under this Act?

The Act acknowledges the importance of Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) and includes provisions that allow mediation to be conducted online, offering greater flexibility and accessibility to the parties involved.

8. Can parties withdraw from the mediation process?

Yes, parties have the flexibility to opt out of the mediation process at any time, according to their discretion. This provision is in line with the voluntary nature of mediation.

9. What happens if a party is not satisfied with the mediation outcome?

While the mediation process aims for a mutually agreeable resolution, if a party is not satisfied with the outcome, the Act provides specific grounds under which the Mediation Settlement Agreement (MSA) can be challenged, such as fraud or corruption.

10. How does the Mediation Act, 2023, impact the Indian legal system?

By providing a structured and effective mechanism for dispute resolution outside the courts, the Mediation Act is expected to reduce the burden on the judiciary, promote amicable settlements, and contribute to a more efficient administration of justice in India.

These FAQs offer a concise overview of the Mediation Act, 2023, and its implications for disputing parties seeking alternative resolutions outside the traditional court system.



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