MBBS Seat Allocation&Regional Disparities: In-Depth Analysis

  Oct 25, 2023

MBBS Seat Allocation and Regional Disparities: A Closer Look


The National Medical Commission (NMC) has issued a notification that restricts the number of MBBS seats in any state/UT to 100 per one million population. The intention behind this move is to “reduce regional disparities” and prevent overcrowding in medical colleges.

Impact on Southern States:

Seat Saturation: All southern states have already surpassed this newly established limit. This means they cannot inaugurate new medical colleges or introduce more MBBS seats in existing institutions.

Perceived Penalty: The sentiment growing in the southern region is that they are being penalized for their advanced education and health amenities in contrast to the northern states, often referred to as the “laggard” North.

Issues Raised:

1. Federal Autonomy: The NMC’s decision may infringe upon the federal autonomy of states. The ability of individual states to determine their educational and health infrastructure might be compromised.

2. Regional Inequality: The new allocation system may inadvertently widen the gap between the northern and southern regions. While the decision aims to reduce disparities, it may further deepen the divide by not considering the existing infrastructure and achievements of the states.

3. Quality vs Quantity: By focusing on population as the primary criterion, the decision might overlook the quality of medical education and healthcare facilities. States with better healthcare infrastructure might be at a disadvantage.


While the intention behind the NMC’s decision is to create a more equitable distribution of medical seats across the country,
it’s essential to consider the diverse needs and existing infrastructures of different regions. A one-size-fits-all approach might not be the most effective way to address the disparities in medical education.

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