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Maratha Military Landscape UNESCO World Heritage Nomination



  Feb 05, 2024

Maratha Military Landscape UNESCO World Heritage Nomination



1. What is the Maratha Military Landscape?

The Maratha Military Landscape refers to a group of 12 fortifications across Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, India, representing the military prowess and architectural genius of the Maratha rulers from the 17th to the 19th centuries. These forts showcase the strategic military intelligence, geographical diversity, and innovative architectural features of the Maratha Empire.

2. Why has the Maratha Military Landscape been nominated for the UNESCO World Heritage List?

The Ministry of Culture of India nominated the Maratha Military Landscape for its historical importance, showcasing the rich history and strategic military intelligence of the Maratha Empire, its geographical diversity, and architectural marvels that integrate the landscape and terrain ingeniously.

3. What is the significance of the UNESCO World Heritage Nomination for the Maratha Military Landscape?

This nomination honors the Maratha Empire’s military and architectural legacy, contributes to a broader understanding of Indian history, and highlights the need for preservation of these sites. Recognition by UNESCO could boost preservation efforts and promote cultural tourism.

4. Which forts are included in the Maratha Military Landscape?

The twelve forts are: Salher Fort, Shivneri Fort, Lohgad, Khanderi Fort, Raigad, Rajgad, Pratapgad, Suvarnadurg, Panhala Fort, Vijaydurg, Sindhudurg, and Gingee Fort (Tamil Nadu).

5. How are these forts currently protected?

Eight of the forts are under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), while the remaining four are maintained by the Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Maharashtra.

6. Has the Maratha Military Landscape been previously considered for UNESCO World Heritage status?

Yes, the Maratha Military Landscape was included in the Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2021, highlighting its potential global cultural significance.

7. What impact could UNESCO World Heritage status have on these sites?

Achieving UNESCO World Heritage status could enhance preservation efforts, attract global attention to the sites, and promote cultural tourism, helping to preserve and celebrate India's rich historical and cultural heritage on a global platform.


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