BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Maoism & Naxalism: A Guide to History and Ideologies



  Apr 25, 2024

Maoism & Naxalism: A Guide to History and Ideologies



What is Maoism?

Maoism, also known as Mao Zedong Thought, is a variant of Marxism-Leninism derived from the teachings of the former Chinese leader Mao Zedong. It emphasizes the role of the peasantry in revolution,  the use of guerrilla warfare in the process of revolutionary struggle and the establishment of a left wing dictatorship.

What is Naxalism?

Naxalism is a movement inspired by Maoism in India. It started in 1967 with an uprising in the Naxalbari village of West Bengal, led by radical Maoist leaders. The movement aimed to overthrow the government through peasant revolts, advocating for land reforms and fighting against land acquisition by large corporations and state entities.

How is Naxalism viewed in India?

Naxalism is considered one of the most significant internal security challenges in India. It primarily affects rural areas and aims at mobilizing tribal and lower caste populations to fight against national and state institutions to achieve their political goals.

What are the affected areas?

Naxalite groups are primarily active in the "Red Corridor," which includes regions in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Maharashtra. These areas often suffer from economic underdevelopment and governmental neglect, factors which contribute to the continuation of the insurgency.

What has been the government’s response?

The Indian government has responded to Naxalism with a combination of law enforcement and socio-economic developmental measures. Operations like the one in Chhattisgarh are part of a broader security approach to dismantle the organizational structure of Naxalite groups. Concurrently, efforts to improve infrastructure and boost local economies aim to address the underlying causes of the movement.

What is the impact of Naxalism?

The ongoing conflict has led to significant loss of life and economic disruptions, especially in the most affected regions. Both security personnel and civilians have been casualties of violent encounters. Moreover, the persistent instability has hindered developmental projects, affecting the quality of life and economic opportunities for local populations.

Understanding Maoism and Naxalism provides insights into the complex socio-political challenges that continue to influence many lives in India.


SRIRAM’s


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
CHANDRAYAAN-3: A YEAR of ACHIEVEMENTS
 
VIZHINJAM: INDIA’S FIRST DEEP-WATER TRANSSHIPMENT PORT
 
‘AANKH MICHOLI’
 
CHINA FACTOR IN INDIA-RUSSIA RELATIONS
 
CVF and climate finance negotiations
 
CBI JURISDICTION AND STATE CONSENT
 
Beej Utsavs (Seed Festivals)
 
SILK ROUTE THROUGH KALIMPONG AND SIKKIM
 
RHODODENDRON NIVEUM, THE STATE TREE OF SIKKIM
 
OPERATION DHANUSH NEAR LOC
 
French Revolution and India
 
RBI’S MONETARY POLICY STANCE
 
French Revolution and India
 
MUSLIM WOMEN UNDER SECTION 125 OF CRPC:
 
BASTILLE DAY