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Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats & Tangible Income



  Feb 03, 2024

Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats & Tangible Incomes (MISHTI) Scheme



What is the MISHTI scheme?

The Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats & Tangible Incomes (MISHTI) scheme is a government-led initiative in India aimed at enhancing mangrove coverage along coastlines and saltpan lands to improve ecological health, protect against natural disasters, and support local livelihoods.

What are the main goals of the MISHTI scheme?

The MISHTI scheme aims to:

Increase mangrove coverage across India's coastal regions.
Implement best practices in mangrove plantation, conservation, and management.
Mobilize resources through public-private partnerships.
Develop mangrove-associated ecotourism and generate livelihoods for coastal communities.
Contribute to climate change mitigation and coastal erosion prevention.

Where is the MISHTI scheme being implemented?

The scheme is primarily focused on the Sundarbans Delta and Hoogly Estuary in West Bengal, along with other bay areas and wetlands throughout India. It covers approximately 540 square kilometers across 11 states and 2 union territories.

How long will the MISHTI scheme run?

The scheme is planned for a period of five years, starting from the fiscal year 2023-24.

How does the MISHTI scheme support local communities?

The scheme provides financial assistance to local communities for carrying out mangrove plantation activities and conducts awareness campaigns to educate them about the importance of mangroves. It aims to ensure community ownership and sustainability of the initiative by involving local communities and NGOs in the plantation activities.

What is the significance of mangroves in the context of the MISHTI scheme?

Mangroves play a crucial role in protecting coastlines from natural disasters like cyclones and storms, supporting fisheries and biodiversity, and sequestering carbon. Enhancing mangrove cover through MISHTI aims to bolster these ecosystem services, contributing to the well-being of human and non-human species alike.

How will the MISHTI scheme be funded?

MISHTI will be implemented using a combination of funds from the CAMPA Fund, MGNREGS, and other sources, ensuring a collaborative and well-supported approach to mangrove conservation and restoration.

What is the 'Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC)'?

The Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC) is an intergovernmental alliance that promotes the protection and preservation of mangrove ecosystems globally. India, as an active member of MAC, commits to international efforts in mangrove conservation through initiatives like MISHTI.

By addressing the urgent need for mangrove conservation and restoration, the MISHTI scheme represents a significant step towards sustainable coastal management and climate resilience in India.


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