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Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC) Initiative



  Feb 03, 2024

Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC) Initiative



Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC) was launched at COP 27 at Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt in 2022 by the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

What is the Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC)?

The Mangrove Alliance for Climate (MAC) is a global initiative launched to promote the conservation and restoration of mangrove ecosystems worldwide. It brings together nations to advance the cause of mangroves, emphasizing their critical role in climate change mitigation, coastal protection, and supporting biodiversity.

Why are mangroves important in the context of climate change?

Mangroves are among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics, capable of sequestering four to five times more carbon emissions than terrestrial tropical forests. They act as natural barriers against sea-level rise and natural calamities like cyclones and storm surges, making them vital for climate change adaptation and mitigation.

How do mangroves contribute to the economy?

Mangroves are foundational to the blue economy of tropical coastal regions, providing essential services such as nursery grounds for fish, protection against coastal erosion, and livelihoods for millions of people through fisheries and other resources.

What are the goals of India within the MAC initiative?

India aims to leverage its extensive experience in mangrove restoration to contribute to the global knowledge base on mangrove conservation. The country is committed to integrating mangroves into national REDD+ programs and achieving its NDC targets, which include creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through forest and tree cover by 2030.

How does mangrove conservation align with India's NDC targets?

Mangrove forests' high carbon sequestration capacity makes them a strategic asset for India in meeting its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) under the Paris Agreement. By afforesting and preventing deforestation of mangroves, India can create new carbon sinks and reduce emissions, contributing to its commitment to combat climate change.

What is the significance of international cooperation in mangrove conservation?

International cooperation, as facilitated by the MAC, is crucial for cross-boundary conservation efforts, knowledge exchange, and mobilizing resources for mangrove restoration. This collaboration helps nations meet international climate goals and ensures the sustainability of these critical ecosystems.

How can mangroves help in achieving carbon neutrality?

By absorbing and storing significant amounts of carbon, mangroves play a crucial role in reducing the global concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Conservation and restoration activities enhance their capacity to act as carbon sinks, aiding countries in their pursuit of carbon neutrality.

The Mangrove Alliance for Climate represents a united global effort to protect and restore mangrove ecosystems, recognizing their unparalleled value in climate change mitigation, biodiversity conservation, and supporting the livelihoods of coastal communities. Through collaborative action and knowledge sharing, the initiative aims to safeguard these vital coastal resources for future generations.


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