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Mangarh Hillock tragedy of Bhils



  Mar 18, 2024

Mangarh Hillock tragedy of Bhils



What happened at Mangarh Hillock on 17th November 1913?

On November 17th, 1913, a horrific event unfolded at Mangarh Hillock (also referred to as Mangarh Hilltop) in Rajasthan, India. A large gathering of Bhil tribals, estimated to be around 1500, were massacred by the British Indian Army.

Background:

● The Bhil community faced exploitation and oppression under British rule and princely states.
● Led by Govind Guru, a social reformer and spiritual leader, the Bhils sought an end to forced labor, high taxes, and injustices.
● In 1913, they gathered at Mangarh Hillock, a symbolic location, as a form of protest and to declare their desire for freedom.

The Massacre:

● The British colonial authorities perceived the gathering as a rebellion and issued an ultimatum for the Bhils to disperse.
● When the Bhils refused to leave, British and Indian troops attacked the hillock on November 17th.

● The Bhils, many unarmed, were no match for the firepower of the British forces.
● Estimates suggest that over 1500 Bhil men, women, and children were killed in the massacre.

Significance:


● The Mangarh massacre is a dark chapter in Indian history, highlighting the brutality of colonial rule.
● It serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by the Bhil community in the fight for freedom and justice.
● The designation of Mangarh Hillock as a national monument in recent years recognizes this historical event and honors the Bhil martyrs.


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