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MANGALYAAN-2 : INDIA SET TO LAND ON MARS



  May 22, 2024

MANGALYAAN-2 : INDIA SET TO LAND ON MARS



What is Mangalyaan-2?

Mangalyaan-2 is India's ambitious space mission aimed at landing a rover and a helicopter on Mars. Following the successful orbit insertion of Mangalyaan-1, this mission marks India's first attempt to land on the Martian surface.

Which countries have successfully landed on Mars before India?

Before India, only the United States and China have achieved successful landings on Mars. These missions have involved deploying rovers and, in the case of the U.S., a helicopter to the Martian surface.

What are the key components of the Mangalyaan-2 mission?

The mission involves several key components:

1. Rover: Equipped with advanced technology for navigation and scientific experiments.

2. Helicopter: Designed to fly in the thin Martian atmosphere, equipped with instruments to study the Martian boundary layer.

3. Relay Satellite: To facilitate continuous communication between the Mars surface explorers and Earth.

How will the rover and helicopter be delivered to Mars?

The rover will be deployed using a sky crane mechanism, similar to that used by NASA's Perseverance rover. This allows for a precise and safe landing on the Martian terrain. The helicopter, designed specifically for the Martian atmosphere, will undertake short flights to carry out scientific missions.

What rocket will launch Mangalyaan-2?

The mission will be launched aboard the Launch Vehicle Mark-III (LVM3), ISRO's most powerful rocket to date. This launch vehicle is designed to handle heavier payloads and more complex missions.

What scientific objectives does Mangalyaan-2 aim to achieve?

Mangalyaan-2 aims to conduct in-depth studies of the Martian surface and atmosphere. Specific objectives include geological assessments, atmospheric analysis, and possibly searching for signs of past life. The helicopter's role will be crucial in gathering data from locations potentially unreachable by the rover.

How significant is this mission for India's space program?

Mangalyaan-2 is a monumental step for ISRO and India's space exploration capabilities. It not only demonstrates India's growing prowess in space technology but also sets the stage for more advanced interplanetary missions in the future. India's successful reach to Mars on its first attempt positioned it as a notable player in the global space community, and this mission seeks to further that reputation.

What are the challenges of this mission?

The challenges are significant, involving precise maneuvering in the Martian orbit, safe landing via the sky crane, and effective operation of a helicopter in Mars' thin atmosphere. Additionally, ensuring constant communication through the relay satellite adds another layer of complexity to the mission.

This mission represents a crucial phase in India's space exploration journey, highlighting its technological advancements and scientific curiosity.




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