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LIGO India and Fermilab Initiative



  Jan 02, 2024

LIGO India and Fermilab Initiative



1. What is LIGO India?

Answer: LIGO India (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) is an ambitious project aimed at detecting gravitational waves. It consists of two large interferometers, each spanning about 4 kilometers, arranged in an ‘L’ shape. This design enables the detection of gravitational waves, which are ripples in spacetime caused by violent astronomical events. The project, set to be built in Hingoli, Maharashtra, will complement the existing LIGO setups in Louisiana and Washington in the United States.

2. How much is the Indian government investing in LIGO India?

Answer: The Indian government has approved a budget of Rs 2,600 crore for the LIGO India project. This investment underscores the commitment to advancing scientific research and development in the field of astrophysics.

3. What is the significance of the L-shaped arrangement in LIGO India?

Answer: The L-shaped arrangement in LIGO India is crucial for its function. This setup causes two light waves to intersect, creating an interference pattern. The L-shaped interferometers act as high-precision antennas, sensitive enough to detect the extremely faint gravitational waves. This design is essential for the accurate observation and measurement of these waves.

4. What is the Fermilab Initiative?

Answer: The Fermilab Initiative is a collaborative project between India and the United States, focusing on advanced research in particle physics. It involves working with Fermilab, a leading laboratory for particle physics and accelerator technology in the U.S.

5. How much funding is allocated for the Indo-US Fermilab Initiative?

Answer: The Indian government has sanctioned Rs 900 crore for the Indo-US collaborative Fermilab initiative. This funding reflects the significance of the project in promoting international cooperation and contribution to cutting-edge research in particle physics.

6. What are the objectives of these projects?

Answer: The main objectives of the LIGO India and Fermilab initiatives are to enhance our understanding of fundamental physics. LIGO India aims to observe and analyze gravitational waves, providing insights into cosmic events. The Fermilab Initiative seeks to explore the fundamental constituents of matter and the forces governing them. Both projects are expected to contribute significantly to our knowledge of the universe and promote scientific advancement.

These FAQs highlight the pivotal role of LIGO India and the Fermilab Initiative in elevating India’s position in global scientific research and their potential to contribute significantly to our understanding of the universe.

SRIRAM’s


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