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LARGEST DESERTS IN THE WORLD



  Apr 23, 2024

LARGEST DESERTS IN THE WORLD



Deserts, defined by their extremely low precipitation (less than 10 inches or 250 millimeters annually), vary from the subtropical with mild winters and hot summers to polar regions characterized by cool summers and very cold winters. Below is a list of the ten largest deserts in the world, showcasing a diverse range of climates and geographical features:

Antarctica - 5,500,000 square miles (14,000,000 square kilometers): As the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, it is mostly covered by ice and hosts minimal human habitation.

Arctic Desert - 5,400,000 square miles (13,985,000 square kilometers): Spanning several countries including Alaska, Canada, and parts of Scandinavia and Russia, this icy region is significantly impacted by climate change.

Sahara Desert - 3,500,000 square miles (9,000,000 square kilometers): The largest hot desert located in North Africa, known for its vast sandy dunes and hyper-arid central region where no vegetation grows.

Arabian Desert - 900,000 square miles (2,330,000 square kilometers): This vast desert area spans several Middle Eastern countries and includes the world's largest continuous sand mass, the "Empty Quarter."

Gobi Desert - 500,000 square miles (1,000,000 square kilometers): Located in northern China and southern Mongolia, this cold desert features a rocky landscape with very little rainfall.

Kalahari Desert - 360,000 square miles (900,000 square kilometers): Extending across several southern African countries, this subtropical savanna is known for its red sands.

Great Victoria Desert - 220,000 square miles (647,000 square kilometers): Australia's largest desert features a subtropical climate with limited annual thunderstorms.

Patagonian Desert - 200,000 square miles (620,000 square kilometers): Situated primarily in Argentina and extending into Chile, it is noted for its windy conditions and proximity to the Andes and Atlantic Ocean.

Syrian Desert - 200,000 square miles (520,000 square kilometers): This rocky desert spans several countries in Western Asia and was formed by historic volcanic eruptions.

Great Basin Desert - 190,000 square miles (492,000 square kilometers): The largest U.S. desert, located between the Sierra Nevada and the Rocky Mountains, characterized by its cold winter climate.

These deserts represent some of the most extreme and diverse environments on Earth, each playing a unique role in their respective ecosystems and global weather patterns.



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