Q1: What is labor productivity and why is it significant for India?
A1: Labor productivity measures the output per worker or per hour worked. It is significant for India as higher productivity can lead to economic growth, better wages, and improved living standards.
Q2: How does India’s labor productivity compare globally?
A2: India’s labor productivity remains below international standards, impacting its competitive edge in the global market.
Q3: What factors contribute to low labor productivity in India?
A3: Several factors, including insufficient technological investments, management practices, skill mismatches, and infrastructural constraints, contribute to low labor productivity.
Q4: Why is technological investment crucial for improving productivity?
A4: Technological investment can modernize processes, reduce labor-intensive practices, and increase efficiency, leading to higher productivity.
Q5: How does India’s status as a labor surplus economy affect productivity?
A5: Being a labor surplus economy, there is less incentive for the entrepreneur class to invest in productivity-enhancing technologies, as cheap labor is readily available.
Q6: What role does the entrepreneur class play in boosting labor productivity?
A6: The entrepreneur class can drive productivity by investing in modern technologies, training, and better management practices.
Q7: How can India boost its labor productivity?
A7: India can boost productivity by investing in education and training to improve workforce skills, upgrading technology, and improving workplace efficiency.
Q8: What are the challenges in enhancing labor productivity in India?
A8: Challenges include the high cost of technological change, resistance to new methods due to established practices, and the delay in adoption of modern technologies.
Q9: How can government policies influence labor productivity?
A9: Government policies can incentivize technological upgrades, support skill development, and create an environment conducive to innovation and efficiency.
Q10: What is the expected outcome of improving labor productivity?
A10: Improving labor productivity can result in higher economic growth, better wages, increased competitiveness, and overall social and economic development.