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Unlocking Organ Donation: India's Kidney Crisis & Regulation



  Sep 29, 2023

Kidney Shortage and Exchange



Organ Donation

The Issue

Problem: India faces a severe shortage of kidneys for transplantation. With over 200,000 patients needing a kidney in 2022, only about 3.4% (7,500 transplants) were actually conducted.

Underlying Causes:
High prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) due to factors like diabetes, malnourishment, overcrowding, and poor sanitation.
Regulatory hurdles restricting innovative kidney exchange methods such as swaps and chains.


The Response
Existing Laws:
The Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act 1994 allowed transplants from brain-stem dead individuals.


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