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Kerala’s Antimicrobial Resistance Initiative



  Feb 19, 2024

Kerala’s Antimicrobial Resistance Initiative



1. What is Kerala’s initiative against antimicrobial resistance (AMR)?

Kerala’s initiative is a pioneering project designed to check the abuse of antibiotics and battle AMR. It involves steps like AMR surveillance, hospital-based audits, and public awareness campaigns to reduce the misuse of antibiotics.

. Why is AMR a significant concern?

AMR poses a global health threat, leading to infections that are harder to treat and an increased risk of disease spread, severe illness, and death. It undermines the effectiveness of antibiotics, making infections more difficult to manage.

3. How does Kerala’s model address AMR?

The Kerala model addresses AMR through a comprehensive strategy that includes antibiotic-smart hospitals, real-time surveillance, and strict regulations for prescription and sale of antibiotics.

4. What are the components of the Kerala model?

Key components include antibiotic audit in hospitals, regulation of antibiotic prescriptions, public education on antibiotic use, and the establishment of antibiotic stewardship programs.

5. How successful has the initiative been?

The initiative has been successful in raising awareness and reducing antibiotic prescriptions. By 2050, it could significantly reduce deaths due to AMR, provided the model is adopted widely.

6. What is the significance of Kerala’s AMR-related data?

Kerala’s data on AMR, such as the number of prescriptions and antibiotics prescribed, serves as an evidence base to inform policy, track progress, and adjust strategies to combat AMR effectively.

7. Can Kerala’s model be replicated elsewhere in India?

Yes, the model has the potential to be scaled up and replicated in other parts of India, provided there is political will, adequate resources, and tailored approaches to address local healthcare challenges.

SRIRAM’s

focuses on informing aspirants of the crucial developments in public health initiatives like Kerala’s AMR project, which can serve as a model for nationwide application, enhancing their understanding for government civil services examinations.


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