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ISRO's XPoSat Mission: Cosmic Exploration



  Jan 02, 2024

ISRO’s XPoSat Mission



What is XPoSat?

XPoSat, or the X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite, is an Indian space mission dedicated to studying cosmic X-rays. It’s set to explore the mysteries of space objects like black holes and neutron stars.

Launch Details:

The satellite is scheduled to launch aboard a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.

Main Goals of XPoSat:

1. Studying X-Rays: XPoSat will examine X-rays, which are a type of light that’s invisible to us but comes from various cosmic sources like stars and black holes.

2. Understanding Black Holes and Other Celestial Objects: By analyzing these X-rays, scientists aim to gain insights into the behavior and properties of black holes and other astronomical phenomena.

Key Instruments on XPoSat:

1. POLIX (Polarimeter Instrument in X-rays): This instrument will measure the polarization of X-rays. Polarization tells us how these X-ray waves vibrate in space, providing clues about their source.

2. XSPECT (X-ray Spectroscopy and Timing): XSPECT will provide detailed information about the X-rays’ energy. This helps in understanding the mechanisms behind their emission from celestial bodies like black holes and neutron stars.
 

Why is XPoSat Special?

New Dimensions in Space Research: XPoSat is unique because it adds to our understanding of space by measuring the polarization of X-rays, a feature not extensively explored before. Enhancing Our Cosmic Knowledge: The mission aims to break new ground in theoretical models of space, combining polarimetric observations with spectroscopic data. This could lead to new discoveries about the complex processes in space.

The Science Behind XPoSat:

POLIX’s Role: With its sophisticated design, including a collimator and X-ray detectors, POLIX is set to observe about 40 bright space sources, focusing on medium-energy X-rays. XSPECT’s Capabilities: Equipped for high-resolution observations, XSPECT will monitor various celestial sources, enhancing our understanding of their X-ray emissions.

In summary, XPoSat is a pioneering mission by ISRO that will deepen our understanding of the universe, shedding light on the enigmatic world of black holes and other celestial phenomena through advanced X-ray observation and analysis.

SRIRAM’s


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