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ISRO’s MARBLE Mission to Mars



  Feb 08, 2024

ISRO’s MARBLE Mission to Mars



1. What is MARBLE?

MARBLE (MARTian Boundary Layer Explorer) is a groundbreaking initiative by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) that involves a Mars rotorcraft, essentially a drone designed to explore the Martian boundary layer and gather high-resolution vertical profiles of the planet’s atmosphere.

2. Why is MARBLE considered a game-changer for Martian science?

MARBLE is seen as a game-changer because it is designed to perform a “landing, driving, and flying” trifecta on Mars, a unique approach that combines the capabilities of a lander, rover, and drone to provide unprecedented insights into the Martian environment.

3. What makes MARBLE special?

MARBLE stands out for its unique payload that can capture high-resolution vertical profiles of critical atmospheric parameters near the Martian surface boundary layer. This data is essential for understanding Martian weather patterns, atmospheric circulation, and climate history.

4. What are the key payloads of MARBLE?

The key payloads of MARBLE include:

Temperature Sensor: To measure Martian temperatures.
Pressure Sensor: To gauge the pressure of Mars’ thin atmosphere.
Wind Sensor: To detect Martian wind speeds and patterns.
Trace Species and Dust Sensor: To analyze the composition of the Martian atmosphere.
Electric Field Sensor: To study the electric fields of Mars.
Humidity Sensor: To check for Martian atmospheric moisture.

5. How will MARBLE’s mission contribute to our understanding of Mars?

MARBLE’s mission will provide valuable data to understand Martian weather patterns and the planet’s climate history, crucial for predicting future conditions and hazards, and will aid in planning future exploration missions.

6. Is international collaboration involved in MARBLE’s mission?

The information provided does not specify international collaboration for MARBLE, but given the scale and complexity of Mars missions, collaboration with other space agencies could be beneficial.

7. How will the data from MARBLE benefit future Mars exploration?

The data collected by MARBLE will be invaluable for planning future Mars missions, both crewed and robotic, by providing detailed environmental data to inform mission design and objectives.

8. What is the significance of studying the Martian boundary layer?

Studying the Martian boundary layer is significant because it is where most of the weather processes and atmospheric interactions occur. Understanding this layer is vital for the broader understanding of Martian climate and atmospheric science.


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