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ISRO's Leap: Milestone in Astronaut Aspirations



  Mar 05, 2024

ISRO's Leap: Semi-Cryo Facility Boosts India's Space Dreams



ISRO’s New Testing Facility: A Leap Towards India’s Astronaut Dream-Semi-Cryogenic Integrated Engine and Stage Test Facility

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has inaugurated a significant upgrade at its Propulsion Complex in Mahendragiri, Tamil Nadu, with the establishment of the Semi-Cryogenic Integrated Engine and Stage Test Facility. This development is a crucial step in the testing and advancement of India’s cryogenic rocket engines, which are essential for the nation’s aspirations in space exploration and astronaut missions.

The facility, which was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is part of ISRO’s broader initiative to enhance its capabilities in rocket propulsion technology. The complex is equipped with sophisticated facilities for the assembly, integration, and testing of various types of engines, including solid, liquid, and cryogenic engines. Additionally, it houses high-altitude testing equipment for thrusters and engines, as well as production and supply units for cryogenic fuel.

Cryogenic engines, known for their high efficiency, use supercooled liquid gases as fuel and oxidizer. These engines are often utilized in the final stages of launch vehicles to propel them into designated orbits. The development and perfection of cryogenic engines have been a focus for ISRO since 1994, marking a significant shift from reliance on foreign engines to the development of indigenous technology.

India’s journey in cryogenic technology has seen notable milestones, including the development of the CE-7.5 and CE-20 engines. The CE-7.5 was the first to replace the Russian KVD-1 engines, and after overcoming initial challenges, it successfully powered a GSLV Mk-II launch in 2014. The CE-20, recently human-certified, represents a significant achievement, as it is set to power the Gaganyaan mission, marking India’s first manned space flight.

The new test facility will play a pivotal role in the development and testing of these engines, conducting a range of tests from short-duration hot firings to long-duration burns. This capability is not only crucial for the success of future missions but also positions India among the few nations with advanced cryogenic engine technology, alongside China, Japan, Russia, the US, and France.

Through this initiative, ISRO is not only advancing its technological capabilities but also contributing to India’s dream of sending its astronauts into space. The establishment of the Semi-Cryogenic Integrated Engine and Stage Test Facility is a testament to India’s commitment to self-reliance in space technology and its ambition to be a leading player in space exploration.

SRIRAM’s


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