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ISRO and LOW EARTH ORBIT (LEO) SATELLITE MARKET



  Jun 10, 2024

ISRO and LOW EARTH ORBIT (LEO) SATELLITE MARKET



Overview of Low Earth Orbit (LEO)

Low Earth Orbit (LEO) refers to a region of space around Earth with altitudes below 2,000 kilometers (1,200 miles). Satellites in LEO complete orbits in approximately 90 minutes to two hours, facilitating rapid communication and data transfer compared to higher orbits.

Key Indian LEO Satellites

India’s LEO Earth observation satellite constellation includes:

• EOS-01: Launched in 2020, focusing on agriculture, forestry, and disaster management.
• EOS-02: Launched in 2022, primarily for technological demonstrations.
• EOS-04: Launched in 2022, a radar imaging satellite for all-weather observation.
• EOS-06 and EOS-07: Launched in 2022 and 2023, respectively, these experimental satellites carry various payloads.
• RISAT-2BR1 and RISAT-2B: Launched in 2019, both are radar imaging satellites for all-weather observation and disaster management.

These satellites contribute to diverse applications, including agriculture, disaster management, urban planning, environmental monitoring, and oceanography.

Factors Driving India’s Potential in the LEO Satellite Market

1. Growing Demand for Satellites:
• Industries such as telecommunications, Earth observation, navigation, and remote sensing are increasing the demand for satellites.
• LEO satellites provide real-time data and services, crucial for various sectors.

2. Government Initiatives and Investments:
• The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) leads in space technology advancements.
• Government investments and initiatives support satellite technology and infrastructure development.

3. Involvement of Private Players:
• Private companies like TeamIndus and Satellize contribute significantly to the LEO satellite ecosystem.
• Their participation fosters innovation and competition within the industry.

4. Space-Based Applications:
• LEO satellites enable rural broadband connectivity, disaster management, and other essential services.
• They enhance capabilities in communication, navigation, and Earth observation.

5. Collaboration Opportunities:
• India can engage in joint ventures, research, and technology exchange with global players.
• Such partnerships can expedite progress in the space sector.

6. Emerging Applications:
• LEO satellites have applications in the Internet of Things (IoT), autonomous vehicles, and 5G connectivity.
• Their versatility makes them valuable across various industries.

7. Government Support for Start-Ups:
• The Indian government encourages start-ups and private initiatives in space technology.
• This support fosters innovation and entrepreneurship.

8. Enhancing Connectivity:
• LEO satellites can bridge the digital divide by providing broadband services to rural and remote areas.

Conclusion

India’s LEO satellite market is set for substantial growth, driven by technological advancements, strategic partnerships, and a strong commitment to space exploration. The combination of government initiatives, private sector involvement, and emerging applications positions India as a significant player in the global space economy.



SRIRAM’s


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