1. What is ISRO's plan after the success of Chandrayaan-3?
ISRO's plans include a roadmap for lunar exploration, potential future Chandrayaan missions, and collaborations with other space agencies.
2. Are there more moon missions in the pipeline?
Yes, ISRO is developing systems for the Lunar Polar Exploration (LUPEX) mission in collaboration with Japan's JAXA. Some refer to it as "Chandrayaan 4." LUPEX will involve a more advanced lander and rover, extending studies of the moon's south polar region and extracting subsurface samples.
3. What are the focus areas of ISRO apart from launching rockets and satellites?
ISRO is working on a range of technologies, including the Reusable Launch Vehicle Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD), the SCE-200 engine, and the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV). It is also developing safer rocket fuels and an electric propulsion system for satellites.
4. How is ISRO contributing to environmental sustainability in space missions?
ISRO is developing energy-efficient rocket fuels like methalox propellant and exploring electric propulsion systems for satellites to reduce environmental impact.
5. What is the Aditya L1 spacecraft, and when is it expected to launch?
The Aditya L1 spacecraft is a scientific mission aimed at studying the sun in greater detail. It is expected to be launched in September this year onboard a PSLV rocket.
6. What is the Gaganyaan mission, and how is ISRO progressing with it?
The Gaganyaan mission is India's human spaceflight endeavor. ISRO is conducting tests of a modified Launch Vehicle Mark-3 (LVM-3) rocket for crew safety and aims to send a group of astronauts on a spaceflight.
7. How does ISRO enhance commercial space launch capabilities?
ISRO continues to undertake commercial launches for other space agencies and companies, demonstrating its prowess as a reliable launch service provider.
Shukrayaan: India's Mission to Venus
1. What is Shukrayaan?
Shukrayaan is India's upcoming space mission dedicated to studying Venus, the second planet from the Sun.
2. What is the objective of the Shukrayaan mission?
The primary objective of Shukrayaan is to conduct detailed scientific research on Venus, including its surface, atmosphere, and overall environment. The mission aims to unravel the mysteries of Venus and provide valuable insights into its geological, climatic, and atmospheric conditions.
3. Why study Venus?
Venus is often referred to as Earth's "sister planet" due to its similar size and proximity to the Sun. However, Venus has a drastically different environment, with extremely high surface temperatures, a thick toxic atmosphere, and intense greenhouse effects. Understanding Venus can offer insights into the processes that shape terrestrial planets and help in comparative planetary studies.
4. What will the Shukrayaan mission involve?
Shukrayaan will consist of an orbiter spacecraft that will study Venus from orbit. The orbiter will carry a suite of scientific instruments to analyze Venus's surface, mineral composition, atmosphere, and atmospheric dynamics. It will also study the interactions between Venus and the solar wind.
5. How will Shukrayaan contribute to our understanding of Venus?
The mission will provide data that will help scientists understand the geological history of Venus, its volcanic activity, and the presence of any tectonic processes. It will also study Venus's atmosphere to uncover information about its composition, temperature, and circulation patterns.
6. What are some of the challenges of the Shukrayaan mission?
Venus's extreme conditions present significant challenges for spacecraft, including high temperatures and pressures on its surface. The orbiter must be designed to withstand these conditions and continue functioning effectively to gather data.
7. When is the Shukrayaan mission expected to launch?
As of now, the exact launch date of the Shukrayaan mission has not been announced. The mission is in its planning and development stages, with ISRO working on designing the spacecraft, instruments, and mission parameters