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ISIS-KHORASAN: KEY FACTS



  Apr 11, 2024

ISIS-KHORASAN: KEY FACTS



What is ISIS-Khorasan (ISIS-K)?

ISIS-Khorasan, often referred to as ISIS-K, is a branch of the Islamic State (IS) terrorist group. It was established in 2015 by militants who pledged allegiance to ISIS, including members from Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. ISIS-K aims to create a province within ISIS’s self-proclaimed caliphate, targeting the region historically known as “Khorasan,” which includes parts of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Central Asia, Russia and Iran.

What are ISIS-K’s objectives?

The primary objective of ISIS-K is to establish an Islamic state in the Khorasan region as part of the broader ISIS caliphate. It seeks to control territory, discredit neighboring governments, promote sectarian violence, and attract members by exploiting economic and social divisions. ISIS-K actively fights against the Taliban in Afghanistan while also targeting other countries in the region.

Where has ISIS-K conducted attacks?

ISIS-K has carried out attacks in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Tajikistan, Russia and Uzbekistan. It aims to expand its operations against the United States and Europe. The group is known for its deadly tactics and has claimed responsibility for numerous terrorist attacks, including one of the worst terror attacks in Russia in recent decades.

How does ISIS-K finance its operations?

ISIS-K receives funding from various sources, including ISIS in Syria and local sources in Afghanistan. The group exploits illegal activities and leverages the economic conditions of the regions it operates in to finance its activities.

How does ISIS-K affect the regional security?

ISIS-K poses a significant threat to regional security in Central Asia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Its attacks are intended to destabilize governments, incite sectarian violence, and create a state of chaos and fear. The group’s activities challenge the efforts of local and international forces to maintain peace and stability in the region.

What is the international response to ISIS-K?

The international community, including various governments and international organizations, condemns the actions of ISIS-K. Efforts to combat ISIS-K include military operations, intelligence sharing, and counter-terrorism measures aimed at dismantling the group’s networks and preventing its expansion. International cooperation is crucial in addressing the threat posed by ISIS-K to global security.



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