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Inside the Battle of Saragarhi: Comprehensive FAQs



  Apr 29, 2024

Inside the Battle of Saragarhi: Comprehensive FAQs



Q: What was the context of the Battle of Saragarhi?

A: The Battle of Saragarhi took place during the Tirah Campaign, which was a military campaign by the British Raj against the Afridi and Orakzai tribes in the North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan). The British were seeking to expand their control over the region and protect their interests in India.

Q: What was the significance of the Saragarhi fort?

A: The Saragarhi fort was a strategic location that connected the British garrison in Kohat to the Samana Range. It was a vital communication post and a key point for the British military to assert their control over the region.

Q: Who were the 21 Sikh soldiers who fought in the battle?

A: The 21 Sikh soldiers were part of the 36th Sikh Regiment of the British Indian Army. They were led by Havildar Ishar Singh and included soldiers such as Naik Lal Singh, Lance Naik Chanda Singh, and Sepoy Gurmukh Singh. All of them were Sikhs from the Punjab region.

Q: What was the battle like?

A: The battle was intense and fierce, with the Afghan tribesmen launching a surprise attack on the fort. The Sikh soldiers fought bravely, using their rifles and bayonets to defend the fort against overwhelming odds. Despite being vastly outnumbered, they held out for several hours before the fort was finally breached.

Q: How did the British respond to the battle?

A: The British were impressed by the bravery and sacrifice of the 21 Sikh soldiers. They launched a counterattack two days later and recaptured the fort. The British government also awarded all 21 soldiers the Indian Order of Merit, the highest gallantry award at the time.

Q: What is the legacy of the Battle of Saragarhi?

A: The Battle of Saragarhi is remembered as a symbol of courage and sacrifice in the face of overwhelming odds. It is celebrated by the Indian Army and the Sikh community around the world as a testament to the bravery and loyalty of the Sikh soldiers. The battle is also seen as a turning point in the Tirah Campaign, marking a shift in the balance of power in favor of the British. 


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