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INDIA’S UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE FORTS



  Jun 05, 2024

INDIA’S UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE FORTS



RED FORT, DELHI

Built in 1638 by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, the Red Fort symbolizes India’s rich Mughal heritage. This grand fort, made of red sandstone, served as the main residence of the Mughal emperors for nearly 200 years. It is renowned for its massive walls, the Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience), Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), and stunning architecture reflecting a fusion of Persian, Timurid, and Indian influences.

AGRA FORT, UTTAR PRADESH

This imposing red sandstone fort served as the main residence of the Mughals until the capital was shifted to Delhi. It houses several exquisite buildings, including the Jahangir Mahal, Khas Mahal, Diwan-i-Khas, Diwan-i-Aam, and the iconic Musamman Burj, where Shah Jahan was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb.

AMBER FORT, RAJASTHAN

Also known as Amer Fort, Amber Fort is situated on a hilltop overlooking Maota Lake. Built in the late 16th century by Raja Man Singh I, it is known for its artistic elements, including large ramparts, series of gates, cobbled paths, and the famous Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace).

CHITTORGARH FORT, RAJASTHAN

Spreading over 700 acres, this massive fort is the largest in India and symbolizes Rajput valour and sacrifice. It has a rich history dating back to the 7th century and includes notable structures like the Vijay Stambh (Victory Tower), Kirti Stambh (Tower of Fame), Rana Kumbha Palace, and the beautiful Padmini Palace. The fort has seen numerous battles and sieges, testifying to the bravery of its defenders.

JAISALMER FORT, RAJASTHAN

Built in 1156 by Rawal Jaisal, Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest fully preserved fortified cities in the world. Its unique feature is that it is still inhabited, housing a quarter of the city’s population. The fort includes numerous palaces, temples, and residential buildings, offering panoramic views of the surrounding desert landscape.

KUMBHALGARH FORT, RAJASTHAN

Built by Rana Kumbha in the 15th century, Kumbhalgarh Fort is renowned for its massive walls stretching over 36 kilometers, making it one of the longest walls in the world. The fort complex includes numerous palaces, temples, and gardens. It is strategically located in the Aravalli Range and served as a refuge for the rulers of Mewar during times of conflict.

RANTHAMBORE FORT, RAJASTHAN

Located within the Ranthambore National Park, this dilapidated fort was built in the 10th century by the Chauhan rulers. The fort is known for its strategic location on a hilltop and formidable defenses. It played a significant role in the history of Rajasthan, especially during the reign of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughals. The fort complex includes temples, palaces, and reservoirs, offering stunning views of the national park and its wildlife.



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