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Critical View: India's Skill Development Initiatives



  Aug 28, 2023

India's Skill Development Initiatives:Critical Perspective


Q1: What is the 'Skill India Mission'?

A1: The 'Skill India Mission' is an initiative launched by the Indian government on July 15, 2015, aimed at enhancing the nation's skill development efforts. It focuses on transforming the country's labor-based economy into a skill-based one by imparting relevant training to the workforce.
 

Q2: How has India progressed in skill development?

A2: Over the years, India has taken steps to accelerate skill development. Initiatives like the Atal Innovation Mission and Incubation Centre were established, along with a dedicated Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. Skill Industrial Training Centres (ITIs) have increased by 24% since 2014.
 

Q3: What is the recent development in skill funding?

A3: The World Bank's board approved the $250 million Skill India Mission Operation (SIMO). This initiative aims to improve the marketability of short-term skill development programs, lasting 3 to 12 months or up to 600 hours.
 

Q4: How does India's demographic advantage relate to skill development?

A4: By 2025, around 70% of India's population will be in the working age group. Ensuring their employability through skill development is crucial to prevent this demographic advantage from turning into a challenge.
 

Q5: What challenges does the Skill India initiative face?

A5: Skill India has faced challenges due to factors such as inadequate training infrastructure and limited private sector involvement. Lack of monitoring and disparities between trained candidates and actual placements are issues.
 

Q6: What is the global outlook for skilled personnel in India?

A6: The International Labor Organization (ILO) predicts a potential shortage of about 29 million skilled workers in India by 2030.
 

Q7: How does skill development impact economic growth?

A7: A skilled and educated workforce is essential for higher economic growth. Currently, only 45% of trained individuals are employable, reflecting a significant skill gap.
 

Q8: What industries are crucial for future skill development?

A8: The use of technologies like coding, artificial intelligence, robotics, IoT, 3D printing, and drones is increasing across industries. Skill development in these areas is vital for future job roles.
 

Q9: What steps are being taken to improve skill development coordination?

A9: There is a need for better coordination among various government bodies involved in skill development. Implementing the recommendations of committees and involving market and industry input are essential.
 

Q10: What's the significance of a National Skills University (NSU)?

A10: The establishment of a National Skills University (NSU) can provide a dedicated platform for skill development initiatives, helping bridge the skill gap and ensuring relevance to industry needs.


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