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India’s National Automatic Identification System (NAIS)



  Feb 08, 2024

India’s National Automatic Identification System (NAIS)



1. What is NAIS?

India’s National Automatic Identification System (NAIS) is a large-scale, AIS-based coastal surveillance system deployed along the Indian coastline. It integrates Automatic Identification System (AIS) technology to track and identify maritime vessels in real-time, aiming to enhance maritime safety, security, and environmental protection.

2. How many lighthouses are integrated with NAIS?

NAIS is implemented across more than 70 lighthouses along the Indian coastline.

3. What are the primary benefits of NAIS?

The benefits include enhanced maritime safety through real-time vessel tracking, improved security by early detection of suspicious activities, environmental protection by monitoring vessel activity, and efficient resource management for maritime authorities.

4. Who played a key role in developing and integrating NAIS?

Saab, a renowned defense and security company, played a pivotal role in developing and integrating the NAIS system, in partnership with Elcome Marine Services, an Indian company specializing in maritime communication and navigation solutions.

5. What factors determine the size and complexity of NAIS?

The size and complexity of NAIS are determined by the number of sensors and data points, coverage area, and the level of technological sophistication in terms of data processing capabilities.

6. Is NAIS considered the largest AIS-based coastal surveillance system?

While Saab’s claim of NAIS being the “largest” AIS-based system requires further analysis, it is undoubtedly a significant achievement in maritime surveillance, and its comprehensive coverage and technological capabilities make it an impressive system.

7. How does NAIS contribute to maritime safety?

NAIS contributes to maritime safety by facilitating search and rescue operations, improving collision avoidance, and enabling a timely response to maritime accidents.

8. How does NAIS improve security?

NAIS improves security by allowing for the early detection of suspicious maritime activity, which helps authorities combat piracy, smuggling, and other maritime threats.

9. In what ways does NAIS protect the environment?

NAIS monitors vessel activity, which assists in preventing illegal fishing, oil spills, and other environmental damage.

10. How does NAIS manage maritime resources efficiently?

NAIS provides real-time data that optimizes resource allocation for the coast guard, fisheries, and other maritime authorities, ensuring efficient management of maritime operations.


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