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India's Intelligence Network: Structure, Roles and Missions.



  Oct 30, 2023

India’s Intelligence Institutional Network



In India, the intelligence institutional network plays a crucial role in safeguarding national security and interests. This network consists of several key components:

1. Research and Analysis Wing (RAW):

RAW is India’s primary foreign intelligence agency. It specializes in collecting intelligence related to external threats and activities that can impact India’s security.
RAW operates covertly and conducts espionage, counter-terrorism, and counter-proliferation activities.

2. Intelligence Bureau (IB):

The IB is the internal intelligence agency of India. Its primary focus is on domestic intelligence and counter-intelligence. It gathers information related to internal security threats, including terrorism, communal violence, and subversive activities.

3. Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI):

While the CBI is primarily an investigative agency, it also has an intelligence division. This division assists in gathering intelligence related to high-profile cases, corruption, and economic offenses.

4. Defence Intelligence Agencies:

India has various military intelligence agencies, such as the Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI) and the Directorate of Naval Intelligence (DNI).
They collect and analyze intelligence pertaining to national defense and military operations.

5. National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO):

NTRO specializes in technical intelligence and electronic surveillance. It is responsible for monitoring communication and electronic signals, which are vital for national security.

6. State Intelligence Agencies:

Each Indian state has its own intelligence agency responsible for gathering intelligence on local matters and potential threats within the state’s jurisdiction.

7. Other Agencies:

Additionally, India has various specialized agencies focusing on areas like economic intelligence (Income Tax Department), cyber intelligence (National Cyber Coordination Centre), and nuclear intelligence (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre).

The intelligence institutional network in India operates cohesively to provide actionable intelligence to the government and civil services. It plays a critical role in countering terrorism, safeguarding national interests, and ensuring the security and sovereignty of the nation.


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