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India's Green Hydrogen Standards and Mission



  May 04, 2024

India's Green Hydrogen Standards and Mission



1. What is green hydrogen, and why is it important?

● Green hydrogen: Hydrogen produced using renewable energy sources like solar or wind power through electrolysis (splitting water) or biomass conversion.

● Importance: Green hydrogen is a clean energy source with no direct carbon emissions, making it crucial for decarbonizing industries and achieving climate goals.

2. How has India defined "green hydrogen" in its new standards?

● Renewable Source: Hydrogen must be produced from renewable energy, either electrolysis or biomass conversion.

● Carbon Emissions Cap: Production cannot emit more than 2 kilograms of CO2 equivalent per kilogram of hydrogen.

● Includes Stored Energy: "Green" classification applies to hydrogen stored in energy systems using renewable sources.

3. What is the role of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) in this initiative?

● Setting Standards: MNRE defines and enforces the criteria for classifying hydrogen as "green."

● Certification: The ministry will outline procedures for certifying green hydrogen production.

● Monitoring Agency: The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (under MNRE) will accredit agencies to verify and certify green hydrogen projects.

4. What is the National Green Hydrogen Mission, and what are its goals?

● Mission: Government initiative to make India a global leader in green hydrogen production and technology.

● Goal: Produce 5 million tonnes of green hydrogen annually.

● Incentives: Financial support for both green hydrogen production and manufacturing of electrolyzers (equipment for producing hydrogen).

5. Why is India investing in green hydrogen?

● Decarbonization: Green hydrogen is key for reducing carbon emissions in sectors like heavy industry and transportation that are difficult to electrify.

● Energy Security: Producing green hydrogen domestically enhances energy independence and reduces reliance on fossil fuels.

● Technology Leadership: Ambitious mission positions India to become a leader in green hydrogen innovation and manufacturing.


The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy in India has introduced standards for green hydrogen production, defining it as hydrogen generated from renewable energy sources like electrolysis or biomass conversion. This definition also includes hydrogen stored in energy storage systems. To ensure sustainability, the standards specify that carbon emissions from green hydrogen production should not exceed two kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilogram of hydrogen, averaged over a 12-month period. Furthermore, the ministry will outline a detailed methodology for the measurement, reporting, monitoring, on-site verification, and certification of green hydrogen and its derivatives. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency has been designated as the nodal authority for accrediting agencies responsible for monitoring, verification, and certification of green hydrogen projects.



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