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INDIA'S FOREIGN POLICY EVOLUTION



  May 08, 2024

INDIA'S FOREIGN POLICY EVOLUTION



1. How has India's foreign policy evolved in recent years?

India's foreign policy has transitioned from a cautious approach to forming alliances to a more assertive strategy aimed at achieving a free and open Indo-Pacific. This shift reflects India's growing confidence and its desire to increase its influence and ensure security in its region.

2. What are the main goals of India's current foreign policy under Prime Minister Narendra Modi?

India's foreign policy under Modi focuses on three main objectives: sustaining high economic growth to become the third-largest economy by the end of the decade, developing unassailable deterrence capabilities along its borders and in the Indian Ocean, and using its blend of hard and soft power to lead the Global South.

3. What has characterized India's relationships with its South Asian neighbors?

India's relationships within South Asia have been influenced by historical ties and strategic considerations. While there have been periods of tension, especially with Pakistan, India has pursued policies aimed at improving relations through economic and security cooperation.

4. How significant is the US-India partnership?

The US-India partnership has become increasingly important, providing India with greater strategic autonomy and scope of operations. This relationship is seen as potentially the most consequential bilateral engagement for India in the early 21st century, including cooperation in defense, technology, and economic sectors.

5. What is the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, and why is it important for India?

The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad), involving the US, Japan, Australia, and India, is significant for strengthening India’s ties with these nations. It also supports India’s position in the Indo-Pacific region and enhances its standing among the ASEAN community.

6. How has India's foreign policy impacted its relationships with West Asian nations?

India has forged strong relations with West Asian countries like the UAE, Saudi Arabia, and Israel. These relationships are crucial for India's energy security and have expanded its commercial and political ties into the Mediterranean and European regions.

7. What challenges does India face in gaining a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council?

China's opposition is a significant barrier to India obtaining a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. However, support from G7 nations and other global powers could play a crucial role in advancing India's candidacy.

8. How does India balance its relationship with Russia amid growing ties with Western countries?

India maintains a symbolic yet strategically important relationship with Russia to counterbalance influences from China and Pakistan. However, India is gradually reducing its dependence on Russia for defense and energy needs.

9. How does India’s growing global outreach influence its economic policies?

India’s increasing involvement in global affairs, including initiatives like the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor, influences its economic policies by promoting diversification and reducing reliance on any single nation, particularly in contrast to China's Belt and Road Initiative.

These FAQs highlight India's strategic shift in foreign policy, aiming for broader global engagement and asserting its position as a regional and emerging global leader.



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