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India's Clean Energy Odyssey: Ambitions, Actions & Hurdles



  Nov 03, 2023

India’s Energy Transition Strategy: Appreciation and Challenges



Energy Transition Strategy of India: An Overview

India’s energy transition strategy revolves around shifting from fossil fuels to cleaner and renewable sources of energy.
The country has set ambitious targets, like achieving 450 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030 and increasing the share of gas in primary energy from the current 6.3% to 15% by 2030.
This shift is not just aimed at mitigating climate change but also to ensure energy security and reduce air pollution.

Appreciation:

1. Ambitious Targets: India’s commitment to expanding its renewable energy capacity to 450 GW by 2030 is commendable. It reflects the country’s dedication to global sustainability efforts.

2. Leadership in International Arena: India co-founded the International Solar Alliance, strengthening its position as a leader in promoting solar energy globally.

3. Infrastructure Development: Significant efforts have been put into developing green energy corridors and promoting decentralized renewable energy systems, ensuring smoother integration of renewables into the grid.

4. Policy Framework: Policies like the National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy and the National Biofuel Policy underscore India’s comprehensive approach to green energy.

5. Affordability: Due to aggressive capacity additions and policy support, solar power tariffs in India have seen a significant decline, making renewable energy competitive with conventional power sources.

Challenges:

1. Infrastructure and Grid Stability: The integration of a large amount of renewable energy into the grid requires robust infrastructure and poses challenges for grid stability.

2. Financing: Mobilizing funds for the massive investments required in renewables and associated infrastructure remains a hurdle.

3. Land Acquisition: Land acquisition for large solar and wind projects can be contentious, leading to project delays.

4. Dependency on Imports: India relies heavily on imports for solar panels and cells, mostly from China, which can affect the pace of capacity addition.

5. Storage Solutions: As renewable energy sources are intermittent, there’s a pressing need for efficient energy storage solutions, which are currently expensive and in nascent stages in India.

6. Transition and Job Displacement:
As the country moves away from fossil fuels, there’s a challenge of ensuring job security and retraining for those working in traditional energy sectors.

In conclusion, while India’s energy transition strategy is progressive and forward-thinking, it does come with its set of challenges. Addressing these will require strategic planning, international collaboration, technological advancements, and a continuous focus on innovation and research.

SRIRAM’s


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