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India's Anti-Drone Systems: LAC Security



  Mar 26, 2024

India’s Anti-Drone Systems Along the LAC with China



1. What are Integrated Drone Detection and Interdiction Systems (IDD&IS)?

IDD&IS are advanced defense systems developed by India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL). They are designed to detect, jam, and destroy hostile drones within a range of 5 to 8 km using laser-based technology for both ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ kill capabilities.

2. Why has India developed the IDD&IS?

India developed the IDD&IS in response to the increased deployment of advanced surveillance and target acquisition drones by the Chinese military at airbases near the Line of Actual Control (LAC). These systems aim to enhance India’s defense mechanisms against potential drone attacks along its border with China.

3. How does the IDD&IS work?

The IDD&IS works by detecting drones within its operational range using radar and other detection technologies. Once a hostile drone is identified, the system can employ electronic jamming (‘soft kill’) to disrupt its communications or GPS signals, or it can use laser beams (‘hard kill’) to physically destroy the drone.

4. What makes the deployment of the IDD&IS significant?

The deployment of the IDD&IS is significant due to the increasing tension along the LAC with China and the strategic deployment of Chinese drones capable of surveillance and precision targeting. The IDD&IS provides India with a crucial defense mechanism to protect its borders from aerial threats.

5. Are there other countries with similar anti-drone technologies?

Yes, several countries, including the US and Israel, have developed sophisticated anti-drone technologies. However, the global field of counter-drone technology is still relatively new, with about 150 companies worldwide developing these systems. India’s entry into this field with the IDD&IS marks a significant step towards enhancing its defense capabilities.

6. What are ‘soft kill’ and ‘hard kill’ measures in drone defense?

‘Soft kill’ measures involve using electronic warfare techniques to disrupt a drone’s communication or navigation systems, effectively neutralizing it without physical destruction. ‘Hard kill’ measures involve physically destroying a drone, typically through gunfire, missiles, or in the case of the IDD&IS, laser beams.

7. How does the presence of drones impact border security?

Drones pose a significant threat to border security as they can be used for surveillance, logistics support, artillery observation, and even direct attacks. The capability to deploy drones for smuggling weapons and narcotics further exacerbates security challenges along borders.

8. What implications does India’s anti-drone technology have for future conflicts?

The development and deployment of anti-drone technology like the IDD&IS are expected to have significant implications for future conflicts, particularly in terms of enhancing air defense capabilities. It reflects a shift towards addressing modern aerial threats and could lead to advancements in electronic warfare and directed energy weapons.

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