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Indias Act East Policy & Vladivostok-Chennai Sea Route



  Oct 05, 2023

India's Act Far East Policy and Vladivostok-Chennai Sea Route


1. What is India's Act Far East Policy?

India's Act Far East Policy is a strategic approach aimed at enhancing economic and trade ties, connectivity, and cooperation with the Far East region of Russia. It seeks to strengthen India's engagement with countries in the Far East, including the development of trade routes and partnerships for mutual economic benefits.
 

2. What is the Vladivostok-Chennai sea route?

The Vladivostok-Chennai sea route is a maritime trade route that connects the Indian port of Chennai with the Russian port of Vladivostok in the Far East. It is part of the Eastern Maritime Corridor and aims to provide cost-effective access to export-import trade between India and Russia.
 

3. Why is India interested in developing the Vladivostok-Chennai sea route?

India is interested in this route to enhance trade and economic cooperation with Russia's Far East region. It offers an alternative trade corridor, particularly for the transportation of coking coal and other commodities. The route is expected to reduce transportation time between Indian and Russian ports in the Far East by over 50%.
 

4. What are the key developments in the talks related to this sea route?

Talks between India and Russia have gathered pace, with discussions on feasibility studies and infrastructure requirements, including mariner training. Russia has agreed to train Indian mariners for navigating Arctic waters, a crucial aspect of the route. Shipping liners have also expressed interest in this route.
 

5. How does the Vladivostok-Chennai sea route benefit India?

This sea route allows India to have a presence in the South China Sea through a trade route, facilitating the speedy transportation of coking coal and other commodities. It offers an alternative to existing trade corridors along the western coasts and provides opportunities for exports to the Far East markets.
 

6. Are there plans for a trans-Atlantic shipping line in the North Sea route?

Yes, there are discussions about the possibility of a trans-Atlantic shipping line in the North Sea route, which covers seas like Barents, Kara, Laptev, and East Siberian Sea. This route, although subject to seasonal ice conditions, could provide a shorter route via Europe.
 

7. What is the significance of the Indo-Russia workshop in Chennai?

An Indo-Russia workshop is planned in Chennai to assess the possibility of operationalizing the Eastern Maritime Corridor, including the Vladivostok-Chennai route. This workshop will play a crucial role in determining the feasibility and future steps for the development of this trade route.
 

8. What commodities are expected to be transported via the Eastern Maritime Corridor?

Initially, the corridor is expected to transport commodities like coking coal. Over time, it may include items such as oil, liquefied natural gas (LNG), and fertilizers, further expanding the scope of trade between India and Russia's Far East.
 

9. How does Russia's icebreaker fleet affect navigation along the North Sea route?

Russia's nuclear-powered icebreaker fleet ensures year-round operations along the North Sea route by breaking through sea ice. This fleet plays a vital role in maintaining safe navigation during the icebound periods of the Arctic, allowing ships to pass through.
 

10. What is the expected outcome of the Chennai workshop for the Vladivostok-Chennai route?

The outcome of the workshop will help determine the future steps in operationalizing the Vladivostok-Chennai route as part of the Eastern Maritime Corridor. It will assess the feasibility and address key aspects of infrastructure and cooperation between India and Russia in this context.


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