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ISRO's NISAR Mission: Pioneering Global Earth Observation



  Nov 16, 2023

Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) NISAR mission



1. What is the NISAR mission?

NISAR (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar) is a joint mission between NASA and ISRO to deploy a radar imaging satellite designed to observe and take measurements of Earth’s land, ice sheets, and ecosystems.

2. What are the objectives of the NISAR mission?

The mission aims to provide data for climate change research, including information on ecosystem disturbances, ice-sheet collapse, and natural hazards like earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions.

3. When is the NISAR satellite expected to launch?

The current schedule anticipates a launch in the November-December timeframe.

4. How long after launch until NISAR starts its scientific operations?

After reaching its intended orbit, it is expected to take about 90 days for NISAR to begin its science operations.

5. What are the technological advancements of NISAR?

NISAR will employ advanced radar imaging with the capability to provide high-resolution, day-night, and all-weather observations of Earth.

6. What other missions does ISRO have planned?

ISRO has various missions planned, including lunar and Mars missions, with the goal of establishing a space station by 2035 and conducting additional lunar sample return missions.

7. What is the significance of ISRO’s missions for India and the global community?

These missions place India at the forefront of space exploration and research, contributing valuable data to global scientific communities and enhancing technological capabilities.

8. How does ISRO’s collaboration with international agencies like NASA benefit these missions?

Collaborations can lead to sharing of expertise, resources, and data, which enhances the missions’ success and scientific yield.


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