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Indian Nutrition Challenge



  Sep 04, 2023

India Nutrition Challenge


1. What is the Global Hunger Index (GHI), and how does India rank in it?

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) measures hunger and malnutrition levels worldwide. India ranks 107th out of 121 countries in the GHI 2022, indicating a significant malnutrition problem.
 

2. What are the primary indicators of malnutrition in Indian children?

Key indicators of malnutrition in Indian children include stunting (retarded growth), wasting (insufficient weight for height), and child mortality due to malnutrition.
 

3. What is India's child wasting rate, and how does it compare globally?

India has the world's highest child wasting rate at 19.3%. Wasting is caused by insufficient calorie intake, malabsorption of nutrients, altered metabolic rate, and hormonal deficiencies.
 

4. How does India's economic status contrast with its malnutrition problem?

Despite being the fifth-largest global economy with a GDP surpassing $3.75 trillion, India's 107th rank in the GHI highlights the persistent challenge of malnutrition despite economic growth.
 

5. Why is nutrition literacy significant in addressing malnutrition?

Nutrition literacy is vital in combating malnutrition as it educates individuals, especially mothers and children, about proper nutrition. This knowledge leads to healthier dietary choices and behaviors.
 

6. What is the farming system for nutrition (FSN) intervention proposed by Dr. Soumya Swaminathan?

The FSN intervention integrates crop, livestock, and agricultural practices with nutrition literacy. This holistic approach aims to tackle malnutrition and enhance the nutritional status of Indian children.
 

7. How does malnutrition impact the future generation and the economy?

Malnutrition can have lasting effects on children's health and development, leading to physical and cognitive impairments. This can negatively influence the future workforce's productivity and economic potential.
 

8. What role do the Central and state governments play in addressing malnutrition?

Central and state governments are responsible for implementing policies and programs to tackle malnutrition. They must ensure access to proper nutrition for all children, including expectant mothers, and prioritize nutrition-focused initiatives.
 

9. Why is urgent action needed to combat malnutrition among children?

Malnutrition poses a severe threat to children's health and the nation's well-being. Immediate action is crucial to prevent potential disasters and secure a healthier future for the next generation.
 

10. What are the long-term consequences of malnutrition on children?

Malnutrition can lead to impaired physical and cognitive growth, affecting children's overall development. It can result in decreased educational attainment and reduced economic productivity in adulthood.


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