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INDIA IN THE NEW INTERNATIONAL SPACE ORDER



  May 23, 2024

INDIA IN THE NEW INTERNATIONAL SPACE ORDER



India’s accomplishments in space exploration have significantly contributed to its rising prominence in the new international space order. The successful lunar missions by India, along with those by China and Japan, have positioned Asia at the forefront of space exploration and have sparked discussions about a new space race and multipolarity in space governance.

Key Achievements:

1. Chandrayaan-3 Mission:

• Date: 2023
• Achievement: India’s Chandrayaan-3 made a historic soft landing on the lunar south pole, making India the fourth country to achieve a successful lunar landing.

2. Participation in International Initiatives:

• Artemis Accords: India has signed the US-led Artemis Accords, which outline principles for the civil exploration of the Moon and beyond. This cooperation reflects India’s commitment to international space collaboration.

Strategic Implications:

1. Technological and Industrial Growth:

• India’s space missions have not only demonstrated its technological capabilities but have also stimulated growth in its space industry, fostering innovation and international partnerships.

2. Military and Civilian Space Capabilities:

• The dual-use nature of space technology enhances India’s strategic positioning. India’s space advancements contribute to its defense capabilities and civilian technological progress.

3. Geopolitical Dynamics:

• India’s alignment with the Artemis Accords and collaboration with other international players like Japan and Europe indicate its strategic positioning in the global space order.

• Despite its cooperation with the US-led initiatives, India maintains a balanced approach by participating in dialogues and initiatives involving multiple countries, thereby navigating the complex geopolitical landscape.

Challenges and Opportunities:

1. Navigating Bipolar Competition:

• The new international space order is characterized by competition between the United States and China. India must strategically navigate this bipolar competition while advancing its own interests and maintaining autonomy in space governance.

2. Commercial and Technological Partnerships:

• The rise of commercial space technologies presents opportunities for India to collaborate with global entrepreneurs and private space entities, further enhancing its space capabilities and economic growth.

3. Regulatory and Normative Influence:

• India’s participation in shaping international space laws and norms is crucial. Engaging in global forums and contributing to the development of fair and inclusive space regulations will help India secure its interests in the evolving space order.

Conclusion:

India’s active participation in lunar missions and international space initiatives underscores its pivotal role in the new international space order. As India continues to advance its space capabilities, it must strategically navigate the complex geopolitical landscape, leverage commercial opportunities, and contribute to shaping international space governance. The future of India’s space endeavors will significantly influence its position and influence in the global space domain.



SRIRAM’s


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