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Clean Fuels in India: Overview



  Aug 29, 2023

India and the Clean Fuels:Bird's Eye View


1. Why is there a global movement to reduce carbon emissions?

There is a worldwide effort to bring down carbon emissions by reducing the use of fossil fuels like coal, natural gas, petrol, and diesel. This is driven by the need to address climate change and promote sustainable energy sources.
 

2. What role does green hydrogen play in emission reduction?

Green hydrogen is crucial for decarbonizing heavy industries, freight, shipping, and aviation. It's produced through electrolysis using renewable energy sources and is seen as a game changer in reducing carbon emissions.
 

3. How is India approaching green hydrogen?

India has launched the National Green Hydrogen Mission, aiming to become a global hub for green hydrogen production and export. The goal is to achieve energy independence by 2047 and net-zero emissions by 2070.
 

 4. What is the significance of biofuels in emission reduction?

Biofuels, derived from biomass sources, offer an environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuels. They are promoted as a cost-effective and clean alternative to reduce carbon emissions.
 

 5. What is India's target for biofuel usage?

India's Ethanol Blended Petrol program aims to blend 20% ethanol in petrol by 2025-26, with an indicative target that may be advanced to promote biofuel production.
 

6. How is India transitioning to electric mobility?

India has seen increased adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) due to government incentives. The long-term goal is for 30% of private cars and 80% of two-wheelers sold by 2030 to be electric.
 

7. What role do batteries play in India's energy transition?

Batteries are crucial for electric mobility and storing intermittent renewable energy. India plans to generate 500 GW of non-fossil fuel power by 2030, highlighting the importance of batteries in grid storage.
 

8. What are the challenges related to battery manufacturing in India?

The demand for batteries must be met through domestic manufacturing to ensure energy security. India currently imports a significant portion of its Li-ion cells, and the challenge lies in building a domestic supply chain for critical raw materials.
 

9. How can battery recycling contribute to sustainability?

Recycling battery waste for elements like lithium and cobalt can help reduce reliance on imports and support sustainability. India has introduced battery waste management rules to address this aspect.
 

10. What is India's approach to advanced battery technology?

India needs to rapidly create an ecosystem for advanced battery technology, including new chemistries like lithium sulphur, to support its energy transition goals.


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