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India, and China’s Policy Towards Tibet



  Dec 13, 2023

India, and China’s Policy Towards Tibet



1. What is the significance of China referring to Tibet as ‘Xizang’?

Referring to Tibet as ‘Xizang’ is part of China’s strategy to assert its sovereignty and integrate the region more closely with the rest of the country. This terminology change aims to reinforce the idea of Tibet being an integral part of China and diminish its distinct cultural identity.

2. How has China’s policy in Tibet evolved since 1950?

Since annexing Tibet in 1950, China has consistently aimed to consolidate its control over the region. This has involved extensive military presence, cultural assimilation policies, economic development initiatives, and efforts to control religious and social life. The policies have evolved from direct military intervention to more sophisticated methods of control, including economic incentives and propaganda.

3. What are the implications of China’s Tibet policy for India?

China’s policy in Tibet has significant implications for India, particularly regarding border disputes and regional security. The naming of Arunachal Pradesh as ‘Zangnan’ by China, considering it part of ‘Xizang’, escalates tensions between the two countries. It also has implications for India’s security, considering the strategic location of Tibet.

4. What is the current situation of the Tibetan government-in-exile?

The Tibetan government-in-exile, led by the Dalai Lama, operates out of India and advocates for the autonomy of Tibet. It does not seek independence but rather meaningful autonomy within China, preserving Tibetan culture and religion. However, China refuses to recognize this government and regards the Dalai Lama as a separatist.

5. What are the main concerns of the Tibetan people under Chinese rule?

The main concerns include the suppression of religious freedom, erosion of cultural identity, environmental degradation due to exploitative development, and demographic change due to the influx of Han Chinese. There have been instances of self-immolation and protests by Tibetans against Chinese policies.

6. How does the international community view China’s Tibet policy?

The international community’s response is mixed. While some countries and international organizations have criticized China for human rights violations in Tibet, others have been more cautious, often due to economic or political ties with China. The issue of Tibet remains a sensitive topic in international relations with China.

7. What does the future hold for Tibet under Chinese governance?

The future of Tibet under Chinese rule is likely to involve continued efforts by Beijing to integrate the region socio-economically with the mainland, alongside strict control over political and religious expressions. However, resistance and calls for autonomy from Tibetans, both in Tibet and in exile, are likely to persist.

SRIRAM’s


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