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Necessary Measures for the Significance of Exports



  Aug 12, 2023

Importance of Exports to Indian Economy:Steps Necessary


Q: Why is trade important for India's economic growth?

A: Trade has historically played a significant role in driving India's economic growth. It's a way for the country to sell its products and services to other countries, boosting its economy.
 

Q: What are the three pillars for India's trade growth?

A: The article mentions three pillars:
 
Global Value Chains (GVCs): India should reduce tariffs, simplify trade policies, and integrate better into the global production network.
 
Engagement with Asian Countries: Strengthening ties with fast-growing Asian economies is crucial, as they contribute a lot to the global economy.
 
Exchange Rate Management: Keeping the value of the Indian currency at the right level is important, as an overvalued currency can hurt exports.
 

Q: Why should India engage with Asian economies?

A: Asia, especially emerging economies, is becoming a major player in the global economy. Trading with these countries can open up new markets for Indian goods and services, aiding economic growth.
 

Q: What is the $2 trillion target by 2030?

A: India aims to increase its exports to $2 trillion by 2030. This means selling more products and services to other countries. However, this requires a high annual growth rate of 15%, which is challenging.
 

Q: What's the issue with an overvalued exchange rate?

A: When the Indian currency is overvalued compared to other currencies, it makes Indian goods more expensive for other countries to buy. This can hurt export competitiveness and economic growth.
 

Q: Why is the current trade environment challenging for India's target?

A: The economies of key trade partners like the US and the UK are expected to grow slowly. Achieving high export growth in this situation is difficult.
 

Q: How does India's historical performance relate to trade?

A: In the past, when India increased its exports significantly, its economy also grew rapidly. This shows a strong connection between export growth and overall economic growth.
 

Q: What's the importance of the Indo-Pacific region?

A: The Indo-Pacific region, including Asia, is becoming an economic powerhouse. To tap into this growth, India should establish stronger ties and trade relationships with these countries.
 

Q: Summary of the above?

A: India needs to focus on trade for rapid economic growth. It suggests opening up to global value chains, engaging with Asian economies, and managing the exchange rate effectively to achieve its growth ambitions. Time is of the essence


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