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ILO India Report: Employment Challenges 2024



  Apr 03, 2024

ILO India Report: Employment Challenges 2024



1. What does the ILO India Employment Report 2024 reveal about the educational profile of unemployed youth in India?

- The report reveals that the share of unemployed youth with secondary or higher education in India
has almost doubled from 35.2% in 2000 to 65.7% in 2022.

2. How significant is the youth's share in India's unemployed workforce according to the report?

- Youngsters constitute nearly 83% of the country's unemployed workforce, highlighting a major
challenge in the employment scenario.

3. Did the employment situation for the youth improve or deteriorate during the pandemic according to the ILO report?

- The employment and underemployment situation for the youth initially improved between 2000
and 2019 but experienced a decline during the pandemic years.

4. What long-term trends were observed in India's labour market according to the report?

- The Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR), Worker Population Ratio (WPR), and Unemployment Rate (UR) showed a long-term deterioration from 2000 to 2018 but improved after 2019, which needs cautious interpretation due to the economic slowdown.

5. What does the report say about the nature of employment in India?

- It notes the insufficient growth in non-farm sectors to absorb workers from agriculture, a high degree of informal work, and an increase in contractualisation among regular workers.

6. What skills gaps among the youth were highlighted in the report?

- The report points out significant skill gaps, with 75% of the youth unable to send emails with attachments, 60% unable to copy and paste files, and 90% unable to insert a mathematical formula into a spreadsheet.

7. What does the report say about gender and social inequality in the Indian labour market?

- It mentions a substantial gender gap in labour force participation and persistent social inequalities, with Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes lagging in access to better jobs despite affirmative actions and targeted policies.


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