IBSA: A Historical Perspective and Recent Advances.

  Sep 25, 2023

IBSA: History, Importance, and Recent Developments

Brief History:

IBSA (India, Brazil, South Africa) is a trilateral alliance aimed at fostering cooperation among emerging economies in the Global South.
Established in 2003, the forum promotes inclusive development and aims to voice the concerns of the Global South in international governance matters.


Political Unity: IBSA facilitates the sharing of policies and strategies among the member countries, particularly in matters like UN reforms and international security.
Economic Collaboration: The forum aims to harness economic capabilities and trade among member nations.
Cultural Exchange: IBSA also seeks to strengthen social, cultural, and people-to-people ties among the three nations.
Voice for Global South: Given the significant economic and political weight of the member countries, IBSA amplifies the voice of the Global South in global matters.

Recent Developments:

Strengthened Cooperation: The recent meeting among the foreign ministers emphasized South-South cooperation, occurring on the sidelines of the 78th UN General Assembly.
Strategic Interests: The ministers reaffirmed their commitment to uphold independent foreign policies and the peaceful resolution of conflicts.
UN Reforms: Frustration was expressed over the paralysis of UN reforms, particularly concerning the Security Council.
Membership in UNSC: The forum backs the aspirations of India, Brazil, and African nations for permanent seats in the UNSC.
Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism: IBSA seeks the adoption of this convention at the UN.
Climate Finance: The ministers regretted that developed economies have not met their climate finance goal of $100 billion per year by 2020.

Future Prospects:

A standalone meeting of foreign ministers is expected in the first quarter of 2024.
The forum will continue to push for reforms in international organizations like the World Bank and IMF.
IBSA’s evolving stance in the international arena is pivotal for the member countries as well as for the Global South, as they collectively work towards achieving their goals of inclusive development and a fair international governance system.


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