Merits of Holding Simultaneous Elections:
Developmental Continuity: Simultaneous elections can prevent developmental projects from stalling due to the imposition of the model code of conduct every time an election is held.
Political Stability: It might prevent parties from being perpetually in campaign mode, thereby encouraging longer-term, more sustainable decision-making.
Economic Efficiency: Conducting elections simultaneously can lead to considerable cost savings for both the national exchequer and political parties.
Consistent Decision Making: Decisions that could be influenced by impending elections, such as adjustments to fuel prices due to international market fluctuations, would be more consistent.
Historical Precedence: The country initially had simultaneous elections from 1952 to 1967, showing that it's a feasible idea.
Demerits of Holding Simultaneous Elections:
Constitutional and Legal Hurdles: Implementing simultaneous elections would likely necessitate amendments to the Constitution and other significant laws, like the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
Premature Dissolution Issues: There's always the potential for premature dissolution of Assemblies or the Lok Sabha. Delaying elections after such dissolutions could lead to governance gaps or complications.
Adjustment of Tenures: To synchronize elections, some assemblies might need to have their tenures curtailed or extended, which could be problematic both politically and administratively.
No-confidence Motion Concerns: As per the suggestions from some commissions, a no-confidence motion would need to be paired with a motion of confidence for an alternative government. This could potentially limit the efficacy and intent of no-confidence motions.
Consensus Building: Achieving a political consensus for such a significant change would be challenging. It's evident that while there are clear benefits to holding simultaneous elections, the complexities involved, both legally and logistically, are substantial. Proper and widespread consultations are essential before moving forward with this idea.
"SRIRAM'S IAS regularly conducts in-depth sessions on current topics, such as the merits and challenges of simultaneous elections, to equip aspirants for the UPSC examinations."