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high-altitude-platform-systems-haps



  Mar 26, 2024

High-Altitude Platform Systems (HAPS)



Pseudo satellite 

It is also known as ‘pseudo satellites,’ are aircraft that operate at high altitudes and can stay aloft for extended periods, thanks to solar power. They are called ‘pseudo’ because they mimic some functions of satellites, such as surveillance and communication, but are not in orbit around the Earth.

What is HAPS?

HAPS stands for High-Altitude Platform System. It’s a type of aircraft that flies at very high altitudes, similar to a satellite, but is still within Earth’s atmosphere. It’s solar-powered and can stay in the air for a long time.

Why is HAPS important for India?

HAPS is critical for India’s surveillance and communication, especially in border areas. It can stay over an area for a long time and provide a lot of information.

How does HAPS work?

HAPS operates at about 65,000 feet in the stratosphere, which is higher than where most planes fly but lower than where satellites orbit. It uses solar power to stay in the air for months.

What makes HAPS different from satellites and drones?

HAPS can stay in one area for a long time, like a satellite, but it’s closer to the ground, so it can see and hear better. It’s also more flexible than a satellite because its equipment can be changed as needed.

How will HAPS be used on the Eastern border with China?

HAPS will be very useful on the Eastern border because it can fly high above the Himalayas and provide detailed surveillance information.

What are the future plans for HAPS in India?

India plans to develop a specific version of HAPS that will have a greater range and payload capacity. This will help India’s military and other users get important information from the air.

This technology is particularly advantageous for India as it provides an elevated platform for surveillance and communication over the challenging terrain of the Eastern border with China. The ability to switch payloads based on need and the endurance to loiter over areas of interest make HAPS a strategic asset for both military and civilian applications



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