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Harami Nala Border Initiatives



  Sep 15, 2023

Harami Nala: The Treacherous Channel at the Heart of Border Security


What is Harami Nala?

Harami Nala is a natural water channel situated in the Sir Creek area of Kutch, Gujarat, along the India-Pakistan international border.

It is characterized by its inhospitable terrain and has historically been a center for cross-border infiltrations and exploitations.
 

Why is it termed "Harami Nala"?

The name "Harami Nala" translates to "rogue or treacherous channel" in English. This name is apt given the challenging conditions of the area, including the treacherous tides, morass, and mirages, coupled with extremely high temperatures in summer.
 

What are the distinctive characteristics of this water body?

The water body has unique characteristics including its rich fishing grounds, especially for prawns. It is flanked by vast marshy mud flats affected by low and high tides.
The channel has been extending further on the Indian side due to the surge of tidal waters from the Pakistani side.
 

What initiatives have been taken for better surveillance in the area?

Several initiatives worth Rs.361.35 crore have been rolled out to secure the border. These include the construction of a mooring place at Koteshwar in Kutch, new roads, and high-resolution pan-tilt-zoom cameras equipped observation post towers to bolster intelligence-gathering capabilities.

These towers provide live camera feed and continuous surveillance over the open stretch of water and mudflats surrounding Harami Nala.
 

How has the infrastructure improved to prevent infiltration and unauthorized activities?

The infrastructure has significantly improved with the construction of embankments and roads facilitating access to the very mouth of Harami Nala whereit enters India. New observation posts between border pillars 1164 and 1153 have been established to nip infiltration in the bud at the entry points along the international boundary.
 

What is the significance of the Mooring Place project?

The Mooring Place project, allocated a budget of Rs.257 crore, will allow berthing, repairs, and maintenance for bigger vessels, including floating Border Observation Posts (BOPs), enhancing the BSF’s capabilities in the Creek area.
 

How does the local ecology and economy interact with the characteristics of Harami Nala?

The region is extremely rich in fishing resources, especially prawns, drawing people for fishing activities. Moreover, the area houses factories in the rear areas at a considerable distance from the international boundary, producing salt, bromide, and other chemicals carried by mineral-rich waters.
 

What are the future plans for the region?

The initiatives are part of a broader vision to secure the border and bolster capabilities in the Creek area. The developments include the construction of more observation post towers and enhancing the infrastructure to facilitate better surveillance and prevent unauthorized activities in the region.


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