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Green Hydrogen in India's Transport: Sustainable Future



  Feb 22, 2024

Green Hydrogen in India's Transport: Sustainable Future



Green Hydrogen in India’s Transport Sector: A Step Towards Sustainable Future

India is making strides towards incorporating green hydrogen as a fuel for vehicles, marking a significant shift towards sustainable transportation. The government, recognizing the potential of green hydrogen in reducing carbon emissions, has initiated pilot projects to evaluate its feasibility for cars, buses, and trucks. This move is not only aimed at technical validation but also at understanding the economic viability and operational challenges in diverse Indian conditions.

Viability and Implementation of Green Hydrogen

Green hydrogen, produced through the electrolysis of water using renewable energy, presents a cleaner alternative to conventional fuels. The pilot projects, overseen by the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, will test vehicles powered by both fuel cell and internal combustion engine technologies that utilize green hydrogen. With a budget of Rs 496 crore allocated under the National Green Hydrogen Mission until 2026, these projects are a crucial step towards establishing a green hydrogen ecosystem in the transport sector.

Challenges and Opportunities

The transition to green hydrogen faces hurdles including technological readiness, regulatory frameworks, and the development of refueling and distribution infrastructure. However, these pilot projects are expected to provide valuable insights into overcoming these challenges. The government’s target of blending 10% hydrogen with natural gas by 2030 underlines the commitment to scaling up green hydrogen utilization.

Economic and Environmental Impact

The adoption of green hydrogen in transportation could significantly reduce India’s carbon dioxide emissions, which is critical given the transport sector’s substantial contribution to the country’s overall emissions. Furthermore, with India poised to become the third-largest manufacturer of vehicles globally, the shift to greener fuels is not just beneficial but essential.

Private Sector’s Role and Future Prospects

The private sector’s engagement, exemplified by initiatives like L&T’s green hydrogen plant in Gujarat and MAN Industries’ advancements in safe hydrogen transportation, is crucial for this transition. These developments indicate a growing recognition of hydrogen’s role in achieving zero emissions and energy independence. However, scaling up hydrogen fuel cell vehicle production and reducing costs through innovation in electrolyser technology and renewable energy sourcing remain imperative for widespread adoption.

Conclusion

India’s exploration of green hydrogen as a fuel for its transport sector is a promising venture into sustainable mobility. While challenges remain, the concerted efforts of the government, private sector, and international collaborations could pave the way for a greener transportation ecosystem, aligning with global environmental goals and India’s energy security objectives.

SRIRAM’s


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