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GREAT NICOBAR PROJECT: PROS AND CONS



  Jun 21, 2024

GREAT NICOBAR PROJECT: PROS AND CONS



Pros

1. Economic Development:
• The project is expected to significantly boost economic activities on Great Nicobar Island through the development of a trans-shipment port, an international airport, and township development.

• It aims to create jobs and stimulate local businesses, contributing to the overall economic growth of the region.

2. Strategic Advantage:
• The trans-shipment port would enhance India’s strategic presence in the Indian Ocean, potentially improving maritime security and trade routes.

• It could serve as a critical infrastructure hub, strengthening India’s position in global maritime trade.

3. Infrastructure Improvement:
• The project includes a 450-MVA gas and solar-based power plant, which could improve energy availability and sustainability on the island.

• Enhanced infrastructure would improve connectivity and accessibility, benefiting residents and tourists.

Cons

1. Environmental Impact:
• The project requires the clearing of 130 sq. km. of pristine forest, leading to deforestation and potential loss of biodiversity.

• There are concerns about the impact on local wildlife and ecosystems, which could be irreversibly damaged.

2. Safety Concerns:
• The proposed project area is in an earthquake-prone zone that experienced significant subsidence during the 2004 tsunami.

• Building critical infrastructure in such a zone poses risks to both the environment and the safety of the infrastructure itself.

3. Legal and Regulatory Issues:
• The project’s environmental clearance is currently under scrutiny by the National Green Tribunal (NGT).

• An expert committee is investigating the aspects of the clearance, and the results are pending, which could delay the project.

4. Community Impact:
• Local communities may face displacement or changes to their way of life due to the development.

• There might be social and cultural impacts, as large-scale infrastructure projects can alter the dynamics of local populations.

Conclusion

The Great Nicobar Project presents significant opportunities for economic and strategic development but also poses serious environmental, safety, and community concerns. A balanced approach, considering both the pros and cons, is essential to ensure sustainable and responsible development.




SRIRAM’s



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