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Government Panel Examining Population Growth in India



  Feb 05, 2024

Government Panel Examining Population Growth in India



What is the government committee on population growth?

A government committee is set up to look into India’s population growth and demographic changes to recommend policies.

Who is on the committee?

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced plans for the committee, which will include experts to suggest social and demographic changes.

What will the committee focus on?

The committee will focus on India’s rapid population growth against developmental goals, resource management, and legislative reforms.

What is India’s current fertility rate?

India’s total fertility rate is currently below the replacement rate of 2.1 children per woman.

When is Bihar expected to reach the replacement rate?

Bihar is projected to reach the replacement fertility rate by 2039, while Kerala achieved this in 1998.

What is delimitation?

Delimitation is redrawing electoral boundaries to ensure each constituency has approximately the same population.

Why is delimitation important?

Delimitation ensures political representation is fair and reflects the current population distribution.

When is the next delimitation exercise scheduled?

The fifth delimitation exercise has been postponed to 2026.

Are there any controversies related to population growth in India?

Yes, there are concerns about demographic shifts and accusations by some groups of demographic imbalance due to migration, conversion, and illegal immigration.

How does population growth impact political representation?

Population growth can shift the balance of power between states, impacting their political representation and resource allocation.

What actions have been taken regarding population policies?

Policies and suggestions, including those from the National Population Policy and amendments to the Assam Women’s Empowerment Policy, have been proposed to manage population growth and its implications.

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