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Glaucoma in India: Prevalence, Risks, and Advances



  Mar 13, 2024

Glaucoma in India


 
What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, the health of which is vital for good vision. This damage is often caused by abnormally high pressure in the eye and can lead to blindness if not treated.

How prevalent is glaucoma in India?

Glaucoma affects approximately 11.2 million people aged 40 and above in India, making it a significant health concern. It’s the third most common cause of blindness in the country.

What percentage of glaucoma cases go undetected in India?

Around 70% of glaucoma cases in India go undetected. This means that only about 20% of those with the condition are aware of it and potentially receiving treatment.

Why are so many glaucoma cases undetected in India?

Many glaucoma cases go undetected due to a lack of awareness and access to eye care services, especially in rural areas. The disease often progresses without noticeable symptoms in the early stages, leading to late diagnosis.

What are the risks of untreated glaucoma?

Untreated glaucoma can lead to irreversible vision loss and blindness. Early detection and treatment are crucial to prevent the progression of the disease and preserve vision.

How can glaucoma be detected?

Glaucoma can be detected through comprehensive eye exams that include measuring eye pressure, inspecting the drainage angle of the eye, assessing the optic nerve for damage, and testing the peripheral vision.

What treatments are available for glaucoma?

Treatment options for glaucoma include medications (eye drops), laser treatment, and surgery, aimed at lowering eye pressure to prevent further damage to the optic nerve.

What can be done to reduce the number of undetected glaucoma cases in India?

Increasing awareness about glaucoma and its risk factors, promoting regular eye examinations, especially for those over 40 and those with a family history of the disease, and improving access to eye care services can help reduce the number of undetected cases.

Understanding the significance of early detection and treatment of glaucoma is essential for preventing blindness and vision impairment in India. Regular eye check-ups are key to diagnosing and managing the condition effectively.


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