BEWARE OF FAKE INSTITUTES WITH SIMILAR NAMES. blank    blank
banner

Gender Earnings Gap in India Work Hour Disparities nd Policy



  Oct 28, 2023

Gender Pay Gap


Gender Earnings Gap in India: A Deep Dive into Disparities and Work Hours

The gender earnings gap remains a stark reality in India, despite some strides towards equality. Periodic Labour Force Surveys (PLFS) indicate that the gap varies across different types of employment and is heavily influenced by societal norms and individual choices.
 

Key Findings:

Overall Gap: As of 2023, men earned 24% more than women in regular wage jobs, with male self-employed workers earning 2.8 times that of women.
 
Work Hours: A significant factor in this gap is the work hours; women generally work fewer hours than men. In 2023, self-employed men worked 50% more hours than women, while the gap was 19% for regular wage workers.
 
Hourly Earnings: When looking at hourly earnings, the gender gap narrows. For regular wage workers, the gap in hourly earnings is only around 4% as of 2023, down from 11% in 2019.
 
Social Factors: Societal norms often dictate that women should undertake more domestic responsibilities, which limits their ability to work longer hours, impacting their total earnings.
 

Policy Recommendations:

Workplace Interventions: Mandate the provision of creches and generous maternity leaves.
 
Awareness Campaigns: Educate communities to transform traditional norms that burden women with domestic responsibilities.
 
Flexible Working Hours: Implement policies that offer more flexible work hours to accommodate women who handle household duties.
 

MCQ: What is the key factor behind the gender earnings gap in India, as of 2023?

Higher educational qualifications for men
 
Lesser bonus and overtime for women
 
Lesser work hours for women
 
Discrimination in promotions
 
Answer: 3. Lesser work hours for women
 
Explanation: The gender earnings gap is significantly influenced by the disparity in work hours between men and women. While men generally work longer hours, women are often restricted due to societal norms and responsibilities, which include domestic and child-rearing duties. This affects their total earnings, contributing to the gender gap.
 
Get Ready for Civil Services with SRIRAM's Classes: Understand the Gender Earnings Gap in India


Share:
 

Get a call back

Fill the below form to get free counselling for UPSC Civil Services exam preparation

 
UPSC DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS

 
New Sea Slug Species Named After President Murmu
 
​India’s New Solar Initiative PM-Surya Ghar Yojana
 
New Sea Slug Species Named After President Murmu
 
India's Space Odyssey: Gaganyaan, Space Station, Moon
 
India's Space Leap: Gaganyaan, Station, Moon
 
The Transformative Impact of Regenerative Agriculture on Soil Health
 
Early Blossoming of Buransh in Uttarakhand
 
Exclusion of Scheduled Tribes from Uttarakhand’s Uniform Civil Code
 
Impact of Prosopis Juliflora on Sloth Bear Habitat Utilization in Gujarat
 
Kasturba Gandhi and the 1913 Satyagraha Movement
 
Shahpur Kandi Barrage and Water Allocation
 
Explainer:Selection of Astronauts for Gaganyaan Mission
 
Understanding the Household Consumption Expenditure Survey 2024
 
Obelisks: New Discoveries in Human Microbiomes
 
Discovering Obelisks: A New Form of Life