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G20 Summit & Digital Public Infrastructures (DPIs)



  Sep 08, 2023

G20 Summit and Digital Public Infrastructures (DPIs)


1. What is the main issue surrounding DPIs at the G20 summit?

Developed countries have shown resistance towards formalizing interoperable digital public infrastructures (DPIs) at the G20 summit due to concerns about data security and the potential threat to private payment networks.
 

2. What stance is India likely to take on DPIs?

India may consider making interoperability a "long-term goal" in the Delhi declaration by the G20, given the absence of a consensus on DPIs among member countries.
 

3. How has India contributed to the DPI discourse?

During its G20 presidency, India showcased its successful DPI initiatives such as Aadhaar, Co-Win, UPI, DigiLocker, and BHASHINI, emphasizing their significance in addressing digital identity, financial inclusion, and equitable access to education and health.
 

4. What did the B20 recommend regarding DPIs?

The B20, the business forum of the G20 economies, has recommended digitizing identities that are interoperable and recognized globally at the individual, enterprise, and farm levels. It also suggested creating guidelines for a unique digital identification for MSMEs and individuals within 3 years.
 

5. How did the G20 Digital Economy outcome document define DPI?

The document views DPI as an evolving concept that can differ according to country contexts and terminologies. It appreciates DPI's potential to offer shared technological infrastructures for both public and private sectors.
 

6. What are the concerns surrounding DPI?

The document expresses concerns about data breaches, privacy violations, improper access to personal data, intellectual property rights violations, and security risks due to poorly developed DPIs.
 

7. How does the G20 propose to address these concerns?

The G20 emphasizes a multi-stakeholder approach, capacity-building, technical assistance, and adequate funding support, especially for low and middle-income countries, to ensure robust, inclusive, and sustainable DPI implementation.
 

8. What is the One Future Alliance (OFA)?

Proposed by India, the OFA is a voluntary initiative aiming to unite various stakeholders, from governments to private sectors and NGOs, to consolidate global efforts in the DPI ecosystem.
 

9. What is the Global Digital Public Infrastructure Repository (GDPIR)?

Also an Indian proposal, the GDPIR is a virtual repository of DPI shared voluntarily by G20 members and beyond. It seeks to share best practices and experiences related to the development and deployment of DPIs.
 

10. Why is DPI significant for the future?

DPIs, when implemented correctly, can revolutionize public and private sector services by offering shared digital infrastructures that can promote financial inclusion, digital identity, and equitable access to essential services.
 
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