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Frequently Asked: Ram-Mol Cropping



  May 18, 2024

Frequently Asked: Ram-Mol Cropping


What is Ram-mol?

Ram-mol is a traditional mixed-cropping system practiced in the arid Kachchh district of Gujarat, India. It is known for optimizing water usage, improving soil health, and ensuring food and income security through the cultivation of multiple crops.

How does Ram-mol contribute to drought resilience?

Ram-mol involves planting a combination of deep-rooted and shallow-rooted crops, which allows for efficient use of limited water resources and soil nutrients. This strategy helps sustain agricultural production even under erratic rainfall conditions, offering protection against drought.

What types of crops are included in the Ram-mol system?

The typical Ram-mol crop mix includes millets (like pearl millet and sorghum), legumes (such as cluster beans and green gram), and oilseeds (including sesame and castor). These crops are chosen for their resilience to harsh climatic conditions and their complementary growth patterns.

What role do women play in the Ram-mol system?

Traditionally, women in Kachchh are responsible for preparing the seed mix used in Ram-mol. They also play a pivotal role in preserving traditional knowledge and indigenous seed varieties, contributing significantly to the community's agricultural resilience.

How does Ram-mol impact soil health?

By incorporating legumes that fix nitrogen in the soil and using a diverse range of crops, Ram-mol enhances soil fertility and structure. This diversity also helps in managing pests and diseases naturally, reducing the need for chemical inputs.

What are the challenges facing Ram-mol today?

The main challenges include the increasing shift towards commercial and mono-cropping systems driven by market demands, which often disregard the sustainable practices of Ram-mol. Additionally, changing climate patterns pose a significant threat to the rainfed agriculture on which Ram-mol depends.

How is Ram-mol being supported or promoted?

Organizations like Satvik—Promoting Ecological Agriculture are working with local communities to preserve and enhance Ram-mol through seed conservation programs, training in ecological agriculture practices, and advocacy for the recognition and integration of traditional knowledge in modern agricultural policies.



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