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COP28: Food Systems & Climate Action Spotlight



  Nov 14, 2023

Food Systems and Climate Negotiations at COP28



Q: What is the focus of COP28 regarding food systems?

A: COP28 will dedicate a day to recognizing the role of food systems in climate change, focusing on the impact of food production, transportation, and storage on carbon emissions and their vulnerability to climate changes.

Q: What have global organizations requested from the UNFCCC?

A: Around 80 organizations, including WWF and the Food Systems Partnership, have urged the UNFCCC to acknowledge the importance of transforming food systems to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement.

Q: What is the Leaders Declaration on Food Systems, Agriculture, and Climate Action?

A: It is an invitation for governments to align their national food systems and agriculture strategies with their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), and National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs).

Q: What does the UN Global Stocktake report say about agriculture?

A: The report emphasizes the critical role of sustainable agriculture practices, including diet changes, reducing food loss and waste, and preventing land expansion, in achieving net-zero targets.

Q: How are food and energy systems interconnected?

A: Food production, transportation, and storage depend on fossil fuels and contribute significantly to emissions, comparable to the emissions of the European Union countries and Russia combined.

Q: Why won’t the food system’s dependence on fossil fuels reduce directly with renewable energy transition?

A: The food system’s use of fossil fuels extends beyond electricity and transport to include petrochemicals for plastic packaging and petroleum-based pesticides and fertilisers.

Q: What is the IEA’s prediction for petrochemicals and ammonia production?

A: The IEA predicts that petrochemicals will drive half of the oil demand growth by 2050, with ammonia production expected to grow by 40% by 2050, mainly for hydrogen in fertiliser production.

Q: How can redirecting agricultural subsidies impact food sustainability and climate change?

A: Redirecting subsidies can enhance environmental sustainability and human well-being by promoting more sustainable production methods and reducing the loss of forests and incentivized fossil fuel use.

Q: Are countries including agriculture in their climate plans?

A: Very few countries have included agriculture in their climate plans, and many NDCs lack detail on funding needs for climate action in food systems.

Q: What is the significance of addressing food loss and waste (FLW) at COP28?

A: FLW accounts for 8-10% of global GHG emissions, and addressing it is crucial for transitioning to sustainable food systems and ensuring equitable food distribution.


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