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India's Bird Migration: Flyways and Insights



  Nov 29, 2023

Flyways and Bird Migration in India



What are flyways?

Flyways are like highways in the sky for birds, used by large populations of different species during migration across extensive geographic areas.

How many flyways are recognized globally?

There are eight recognized shorebird flyways globally, with three crossing 57 countries and territories in the Asia-Pacific region.

What is the significance of the East Asian-Australasian Flyway?

It’s the best-studied flyway, extending from Siberia and Alaska to Australia and New Zealand, supporting over five million migratory shorebirds annually.

Which flyways pass through India?

India is part of the Central Asian Flyway (CAF), East-Asian Australasian Flyway (EAAF), and Asian East African Flyway (AEF).

What is the role of staging areas in bird migration?

During migration, birds use staging areas to rest and refuel, accumulating fat deposits before continuing their journey.

What triggers bird migration?

The changing ratio of daylight to darkness with the onset of winter triggers birds’ instinctive migration patterns.

Why is studying bird migration important?

Studying migration aids in understanding global climate change, the spread of avian diseases, and conservation priorities.

What methods are used to study bird migration in India?

India employs bird banding, field observations, and advanced technologies like radar and satellite observations for migration studies.


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